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Enlightenment Vocab

rights noun: claims or titles due to anyone; legal guarantees; moral principals
republic noun: a state in which the supreme power rests with the citizens who are entitled to vote for representatives chosen directly or indirectly by them; a state in which the head of the government is not a monarch or hereditary rules
democracy noun: a government by the people; a form of government where supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or their elected agents
citizen noun: a member of a state or nation who owes allegiance to its government and is entitled to protection from that government
monarch noun: a sole and absolute ruler of a state or nation; chosen by heredity and not the citizens
state noun: the politically unified people occupying an area of bounded land
govern verb: to rule by right of authority
nation noun: a large body of people of a certain territory conscious enough of its unity to seek or possess a government uniquely its own
state noun: the territory (land within borders) of a government and its occupying citizens
government noun: the control exercised over the citizens of a state; the form of rule; the supreme authority of a state or nation
republican (original term - not a political party) noun: a person who favors a republic as the form of government
democrat (original term - not a political party) noun: a person who favors a democracy as the form of government
salons noun: assemblies of leaders of society, politics, arts, etc. - named after the rooms they gathered in - large reception or drawing rooms in large houses of the 17th and 18th centuries.
natural rights noun: rights a citizenry (group of citizens) have under natural law
natural law noun: a collection of principles derived from nature and right reason, or religion as ethically binding in a human society
ethically adverb: dealing with and being in accordance with the rules or standards of a society or a profession
social contract noun: an agreement for mutual benefit between an individual or group and the government or community as a whole.
consent noun: permission or approval by agreement
mob noun: disorderly crowd of people intending to riot or engage in lawless violence
constitution noun: the system of fundamental principles according to which a nation, state, corporation, or the like, is governed; the document embodying these principles.
The Enlightenment noun: a philosophical movement of the 18th century, characterized by belief in the power of human reason and by innovations in political, religious, and educational teachings
enlighten verb: to give intellectual or spiritual light to; to shed light upon
Created by: heinrichka



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