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4a vocabulary

amend to change
Articles of Confederation the first American Constitution, passed in 1777, which created a loose alliance of 13 independent states
Anti-federalists an opponent of a strong federal government
Bill of Rights a written list of freedoms the government promises to protect
cede to give up
constitution a document that sets out the laws, principles, organization, and processes of a government
Constitutional Convention the gathering of state representatives on May 25, 1787 to revise the Articles of Confederation
depression a period when business activity slows, prices and wages fall, and unemployment rises
English Bill of Rights a 1689 document that guaranteed the rights of English citizens
federalists a supporter of a strong federal government
Federalist Papers a series of essays by Federalists, James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay in support of ratifying the Constitution
Great Compromise a plan at the Constitutional Convention that settled the differences between large and small states
Land Ordinance of 1785 a law that set up a system for settling the Northwest Territory
Magna Carta a British document signed in 1215 that contained 2 basic ideas: monarchs themselves have to obey laws, and citizens have basic rights
New Jersey Plan the plan at the Constitutional Convention, favored by small states, that called for 3 branches of government with a single-chamber legislature
Northwest Ordinance a 1787 law that set up a government for the Northwest Territory
Shay's Rebellion a 1786 revolt in Massachusetts led by farmers in reaction to high taxes
Separation of Powers a principle by which the powers of government are divided among separate branches
3/5 Compromise an agreement at the Constitutional Convention that three-fifths of the enslaved residents in any state be counted in its population
Virginia Plan the plan at the Constitutional Convention that called for a strong national government with 3 branches and a 2-chamber legislature
Created by: ellenabney



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