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Chapter 16

Sociology 3e

credentialism the emphasis on certificates or degrees to show that a person has a certain skill, has attained a certain level of education, or has met certain job qualifications
cultural capital cultural knowledge that serves (metaphorically) as currency to help one navigate a culture
cultural transmission the way people come to learn the values, beliefs, and social norms of their culture
education a social institution through which a society's children are taught basic academic knowledge, learning skills, and cultural norms
formal education the learning of academic facts and concepts
grade inflation the idea that the achievement level associated with an A today is notable lower than the achievement level associated with A-level work a few decades ago
Head Start Program a federal program that provides academically focused preschool to students of low socioeconomic status
hidden curriculum the type of nonacademic knowledge that people learn through informal learning and cultural transmission
No Child Left Behind Act an act that requires states to test students in prescribed grades, with the results of those test determining eligibility to receive federal funding
social placement the use of education to improve one's social standing
sorting classifying students based on academic merit or potential
tracking a formalized sorting system that places students on "tracks" (advanced, low achievers) that perpetuate inequalities
universal access the equal ability of all people to participate in an education system
Created by: Gdefillipo



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