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Chapter 17

Sociology 3e

absolute monarchies governments wherein a monarch has absolute power
anarchy the absence of any organized government
authority power that people accept because it comes from a source that is perceived as legitimate
charismatic authority power legitimized on the basis of a leader's exceptional personal qualities
constitutional monarchies national governments that recognize monarchs but require these figures to abide by the laws of a greater constitution
democracy a form of government that provides all citizens with an equal voice or vote determining state policy
dictatorship a form of government in which a single person (or a very small group) wields complete and absolute authority over a government or populace after the dictator rises to power, through economic or military might
monarchy a form of government in which a single person (a monarch) rules until that individual dies or abdicates the throne
oligarchy a form of government in which power is held by a small, etite group
one person, one vote a concept holding that each person's vote should be counted equally
patrimonialism a type of authority wherein military and administrative factions enforce the power of the master
politics a means of studying a nation's or group's underlying social norms as values as evidenced through its political structure and practice
power the ability to exercise one' will over others
power elite a small group of powerful people who control much of a society
rational-legal authority power that is legitimized by rules, regulations and laws
representative democracy a government wherein citizens elect officials to represent their interests
traditional authority pwer legitimized on the basis of long-standing customs
totalitarian dictatorship an extremely oppressive form of dictatorship in which most aspects of citizens’ lives are controlled by the leader
Created by: Gdefillipo



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