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Chapter 12

Sociology 3e

biological determinisim the belief that men and women behave differently due to inherent sex differences related to their biology
dong gender the performance of tasks based upon the gender assigned to us by society and, in turn, ourselves
DOMA Defense of Marriage Act, a 196 U.S. law explicitly limiting the definition of "marriage" to a union between one man and one woman and allowing each individual state to recognize or deny same-sex marriages performed in other states
double standard the concept that prohibits premarital sexual intercourse for women but allows it for men
gender a term that refers to social or cultural distinctions of behaviors that are considered male or female
gender dysphoria a condition listed in the DSM-5 in which people whose gender at birth is contrary to the one they identify with. This condition replaces "gender identity disorder"
gender identity a person's deeply held internal perception of his or her gender
gender role society's concept of how men and women should behave
heterosexism an ideology and a set of institutional practices that privilege heterosexuals and heterosexuality over other sexual orientations
homophobia an extreme or irrational aversion to gay, lesbian, bisexual, or all LGBTQ people, which often manifests as prejudice and bias
sex a term that denotes the presence of physical or physiological differences between males and females
sexism the prejudiced belief that one sex should be valued over another
sexual orientation a person's physical, mental, emotional, and sexual attraction to a particular sex (male or female)
sexuality a person's capacity for sexual feelings
social construction of sexuality socially created definitions about the cultural appropriateness of sex-linked behavior which shape how people see and experience sexuality
transgender an adjective that describes individuals who identify with the behaviors and characteristics that are other than their biological sex
transsexual transgender individuals who attempt to alter their bodes through medical intervention such as surgery and hormonal therapy
glass ceiling an invisible barrier that women encounter when trying to win jobs in the highest level of business
intersex people born with sex characteristics (including genitals, gonads and chromosome patterns) that do not fit typical binary notions of male or female bodies.
misogyny the hatred of or, aversion to, or prejudice against women
pay gap the difference in earnings between men and women
Created by: Gdefillipo



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