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Chapter 11

Sociology 3e

QuestionAnswer
amalgamation the process by which a minority group and a majority group combine to form one group
assimilation the process by which a minority individual or group takes on the characteristics of the dominant culture
colorism the belief that one type of skin tone is superior or inferior to another within a racial group
culture of prejudice the theory that prejudice is embedded in our culture
discrimination prejudiced action against a group of people
dominant group a group of people who have more power in a society than any of the subordinate groups
ethnicity shared culture, which may include heritage, language, religion, and more
expulsion the act of a dominant group forcing a subordinate group to leave a certain area or even the country
genocide the deliberate annihilation of a target usually subordinate group
institutional racism racism embedded in social institutions
intersection theory theory that suggests we cannot separate the effects of race, class, gender, sexual orientation and other attributes
minority group any group of people who are singled out from the others for differential and unequal treatment
model minority the stereotype applied to a minority group that is seen as reaching higher educational, professional and socioeconomic levels without protest against the majority establishment
pluralism the ideal of the United States as a "salad bowl" a mixture of different cultures where each culture retains its own identity and yet adds to the "flavor" of the whole
prejudice biased thoughts based on flawed assumptions about a group of people
racial profiling the use by law enforcement of race alone to determine whether to stop and detain someone
racial steering the act of real estate agents directing prospective homeowners toward or away from certain neighborhoods based on their race
racism a set of attitudes, beliefs, and practices that are used to justify the belief that one racial category is somehow superior or inferior to others
redlining the practice of routinely refusing mortgages for households and business located in predominately minority communities
scapegoat theory a theory that suggests that the dominant group will displace its unfocused aggression onto a subordinate group
sedimentation of racial inequality the intergenerational impact of a de facto and de jure racism that limits the abilities of black people to accumulate wealth
segregation the physical separation of two groups, particularly in residence, but also in workplace and social functions
social construction of race the school of thought that race is not biologically identifiable
stereotyples oversimplified ideas about groups of people
subordinate group a group of people who have less power than the dominate group
white privilege the benefits people receive simply by being part of the dominant group
antiracist a person who opposes racism and acts for racial justice
Created by: Gdefillipo
 

 



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