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Chapter 09

Sociology 3e

QuestionAnswer
caste system a system in which people are born into a social standing that they will retain their entire lives
class a group who shares a common social status based on factors like wealth, income, education, and occupation
class sytem social standing based on social factors and individual accomplishments
class traits the typical behaviors, customs, and norms that define each class (also called class markers)
conspicuous consumption the act of buying and using products to make a statement about social standing
David-Moore thesis a thesis that argues some social stratification is a social necessity
downward mobility a lowering of one's social class
endogamous marriages unions of people with the same social category
exogamous unions unions of spouses from different social categories
global stratification a comparison of the wealth, economic stability, status, and power of countries as a whole
income the money a person earns from work or investments
intergenerational mobility a difference in social class between different generations of a family
intragenerational mobility a difference in social class between different members of the same generation
meritocracy an ideal system in which personal effort--or merit-determines social standing
primogeniture a law stating that all property passes to the first born
social mobility the ability to change positions within a social stratification system
social stratification a socioeconomic system that divides society's members into categories ranking from high to low, based on things like wealth, power and prestige
standard of living the level of wealth available to acquire material goods and comforts to maintain a particular socioeconomic lifestyle
status consistency the consistency, or lack thereof, of an individual's rank across social categories like income, education and occupation
structural mobility a societal change that enable a who group of people to move up of down the class ladder
upward mobility an increase-or upward shift-in social class
wealth the value of money and assests a person has from, for example, inheritance
absolute poverty deprivation so severe that it puts day-to-day survival in jeopardy.
closed system a system of stratification that accommodates little change in social position.
open system a system of stratification, based on achievement, that allows some movement and interaction between layers and classes.
relative poverty is not having the means to live the lifestyle of the average person in your country
socioeconomic status (SES) an individual’s level of wealth, power, and prestige
Created by: Gdefillipo
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