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TermDefinition
Plessy v. Ferguson Created legal justification for segregation laws. It was acceptable if the treatment, resources etc. were equal.
Brown v. Board of education Overturned Plessy v. Ferguson. Marked the end of legal segregation in public schools.
Thurgood Marshall Thurgood Marshall would become famous for arguing the case for the NAACP. In 1967, he would become the first African American ever to sit on the Supreme Court.
Martin Luther king jr Dr. Martin Luther King along with many others organized the Montgomery Bus BoycottPeople banded together to take each other to work to avoid riding the buses. As a result the buses drove almost empty for 13 months until the laws overturned in federal c
Orval Faubus Arkansas governor OrvalFaubus said he would not integrate schools.Faubus sent Arkansas National Guard to block 9 African Americans (Little Rock 9) from entering Central High School.President Eisenhower sent the National Guard to enforce integration and pr
Southern democrats There was a large group of Southern Democrats in Congress that banded together to block attempts to pass Civil Rights legislation in the South.Because many had been in Congress so long they had powerful positions and were able to slow the progress.However
Freedom rides Used to desegregate public transportation.By 1960, buses, terminals, restaurants in terminals all had to be desegregated. Freedom rides tested to see whether southern states were obeying the laws.
Letter from Birmingham jail While in jail, King wrote a letter that explained why it was important for African Americans to challenge the system through non-violent acts of civil disobedience such as marches, boycotts, picketing and demonstrations.He also stressed the idea that ever
Civil rights Act of 1964 The Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibited discrimination based on race, color, religion, or ethnic origin in hotels, restaurants, and all public accommodations. It also gave the federal government the ability to enforce the act through the Equal Employment
Voting rights act of 1965 Voting Rights act of 1965 –eliminated literacy tests and other things stopping blacks from voting.
Black panthers A militant African American activist group founded in Oakland, California.The Panthers were willing to use violence to and carry weapons to protect African American communities.
Malcom X His teachings promoted Black nationalism including separate identity and racial unity of African Americans. Control their own businesses and communities.He believed African Americans should meet violence with violence and not depend on the goodness of wh
Created by: Felipethemex
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