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ASA 101 (JK)

ASA 101 Study Questions

The fastest way to change the sail's power its to change its _______ to the _______. Angle; Wind
The outhaul adjusts the _____ of the mainsail. Foot
The halyard (downhaul, cunningham) adjusts the _____ of the mainsail. Luff
The boomvang adjusts the _____ of the mainsail. Leech
Tightening the _______ _______ holds the boom down on a downwind point of sail. boom vang
To get full power and optimum use out of the mainsail, _______ it until it just starts to luff, then trim the mainsail in so it just stops _______. Easing; Luffing
Two ways to change the sail's angle to the wind are: ____ or ____ the sail _______ _______ or _______ _______. Ease or Trim; ; Head Up; Bear Away
The tendency for the boat to head up toward the wind on its own is called _______ helm. Weather
The tendency for the boat to bear away from the wind on its own is called ___ helm. Lee
While sailing close hauled, four ways to decrease the heel of the boat are: A. Move the crew to the _______ side of the boat. B. _______ __ slightly, into the edge of the no sail zone. C. ______ the main _____. D. Move the _______ to leeward. A. Windward B. Head up C. Ease; Sheet. D. Travler
Tightening the downhaul or cunningham moves the draft of the mainsail _______. Forward
Reducing the size of a sail so that less area is exposed to the wind is called _______. Reefing
What value of a Bowline knot is_________? Forms a non slipping loop
What is a figure 8 knot for? Keep line from slipping thru fairlead or block.
A Square knot is for? Tie two ends of a line together.
A cleat hitch is for? Secure a dock line to a horn cleat.
A clove hitch is for? Temporary tie up to dock piling, attach fenders to stanchion.
What is a round turn and 2 half hitches are used for? More secure tie up to dock piling.
When you want a break from sailing you can make the boat lie ____-__. Hove-to
You heave to by backing the ___ easing the ________and putting the ______ or (____) to leeward. Jib; Mainsail; Tiller(Helm)
What dock line secures the bow of the boat to the dock? The bow line
What dock line secures the stern of the boat to the dock? the stern line
What dock line keeps the boat from moving aft? the forward spring
What dock line keeps the boat from moving forward? the aft spring
What are used to keep the hull of the boat from contacting the dock or other boats? fenders
The ideal point of sail on which to reach a mooring ball is on a __________________. close reach
What is the best approach to dock? upwind or directly into the wind
When sailing always be aware of the boats _____ and _________. speed and direction
The desirable force generated by the wind moving across a sail is called ____. Lift
The direction relative to the wind in which the sailboat cannot sail is called the __ ____ ____. No Sail Zone
A boat sailing across the wind is said to be reaching
Sailboats can reach an upwind destination by sailing a ___ ___ course. zig zag
The point of sail at the edge of the no sail zone is called ____ ______. close hauled
As the sailboat's direction changes relative to the wind, so should the sail's ____ __ _____ to the wind be adjusted. Trim or Angle
The combination of the true wind and the wind created by the boat's motion is called ________ ____. Apparent Wind
The _______ is an underwater fin fixed on the bottom of the sailboat that provides stability and lateral resistance. Keel
The sailboat's direction through the water is controlled by the ______, which can be turned by means of either a ______ or a ________ ______ . Rudder, Tiller, Steering Wheel
What is the outside body of the boat called? Hull
What is the stand on surface of the boat called? Deck
What is the outside seating area of the boat called? Cockpit
What is the rear end outside wall of the boat called? transom
What is the front of the boat called? bow
What is the back of the boat called? stern
What is the left side of the boat called? Port
What is the right side of the boat called? Starboard
What is the steering wheel or tiller called? The Helm
What is the fence post on the deck of the boat called? Stanchion
What is the line strung between stanchions called? Lifeline
What is the fence on deck at the front or bow called? the Pulpit
Where is the head of the sail? at the top corner
Where is the tack of the sail? The bottom corner against the mast
Where is the clew of a sail? bottom corner away for the mast
Where is the luff of a sail? edge against the mast
Where is the leech of a sail? edge away from the mast
Where is the foot of a sail? along the boom
Where is the batten of a sail? sewn into the leech edge
What is windward? The side the wind is blowing against
What is leeward? The side sheltered from the wind
What is the goose neck? Where the boom meets the mast
What is a shroud? the lateral rigging
What are the stays? The forward and aft rigging, aka headstay or forestay and backstay
Headsail is also know as the ________. the jib
A halyard is_____. The line that raises and lowers the main on the mast
Where is the mainsheet ? Attached to the boom
Where is the jibsheet? Attached to the rear bottom corner of the jib
What is the boom vang? Raises and lowers or adjusts tension on the boom
What is the boom topping lift? A line from the free end of the boom to the top of the mast
The mainsail should be raised when the boat is oriented ____ to ____. Head to Wind
When turning the boat toward the wind the sails should be ________________ in. Trimmed
When turning the boat away from the wind the sails should be _____ out. Eased
Fluttering sails are said to be _______. Luffing
The best way to steer the boat on a straight course is to look toward the _____ and pick a ________ to steer toward. Shore (horizon); Landmark
When you turn the bow of the boat toward the wind you are _______ __. heading up
When you turn the bow of the boat away from the wind you are _______ ____. bearing off
The golden rule of sail trim is: when in _____ let it ___. "when in doubt, let it out"
When the boat is stopped, pointed toward the wind with the sails luffing, it is said to be __ _____. In Irons
Dead into the wind is called The No Sail Zone or In Irons
Just at the edge of the no sail zone and heeling is called Close Hauled
The opposite of close hauled and pointing 30 degrees away from the wind but not directly downwind is called a _____________________. Broad Reach
At the edge of the no sail zone and not heeling at all is a _______________. Close Reach
Running down wind is called _________________. run
A beam reach is? Beam to the wind
When the wind is blowing on the port side the boat is said to be sailing on a ____ ____. Port Tack
When the wind is blowing on the starboard side the boat is said to be sailing on a ________ ____ Starboard Tack
Turning the boat so the bow passes thru the wind bringing the wind to blow on to the opposite side of the boat is called _______ Tacking
Changing tacks by turning the boat so its stern passes through the wind is called _______. Jibing
The helmsman's commands for tacking the boat (also called coming about) are _____ _____ and _____ _ ___ Ready About and Helms A Lee
The helmsman's commands for jibing the boat are ________ to ____ and ____- __. Prepare to Jibe and Jibe Ho
To jibe safely its very important to ____ the ________ in toward the centerline as the boat bears away onto a run. Trim; Mainsail
Sailing on a run with the mainsail and jib on opposite sides of the boat is called sailing ____ on ____. wing on wing
If the wind is on the same side of the boat as the mainsail while sailing downwind the boat is said to be _______ by the ___. sailing (by the) lee
The danger of sailing by the lee is the increased risk of an __________ ____. accidental jib
What is the Golden Rule of Sailing? "When in doubt, let it out."
The "Lookout Rule" requires all vessels to maintain a proper lookout using _____ and _______ and any other available means - such as radar etc. Rule 5, sight and hearing
The _____ - __vessel's obligation is to maintain ______ and speed. Stand-On; Course
A vessel overtaking another vessel must ____ ___ to the vessel being overtaken. give way
When two sailboats are approaching each other on opposite tacks- coming at one another, the vessel with the wind on the _________ side is the stand on vessel. Starboard
When two vessels are sailing with the wind on the same side, the vessel to ________ is the give way vessel? windward
Leeward means? Leeward is the direction downwind. If the vessel is heeling under the pressure of the wind, this will be the "lower side".
The side of a ship that is towards the leeward is its ___ ____ Lee side
Any boat under 26 feet in length with an engine must carry a ____ ___________. Fire Extinguisher
A sailboat over 23 feet under way at night or in fog is required to display what colored light on the port side? ___ Red
A sailboat over 23 feet under way at night or in fog is required to display a green light where? ___ _________ ____ Starboard
What color light marks the stern of a sailing vessel over 23 feet long under way at night or fog? _____ white
A safe water bouy is safe to pass on both sides - what color is it? ___ ___ _____ ________ _______ red and white vertical striped
When using an outboard what type uses engine oil and the level should be checked at the beginning of preparing to head out? four stroke (cycle)
What type of outboard requires the oil to be mixed with the gas? _ ___ ______ two stroke (cycle)
Three key points in the outboard motor pre-start sequence are: 1.______________________________________________ 2.______________________________________________ 3.______________________________________________ 1. are the motor clamps tight? 2. open vent on top of fuel cap 3. work gearshift to assure engine is in neutral
Five key points of an outboard motor starting sequence are: 1.______________________________________________ 2.___________________________ 3. ____________________4.________________________ 5.____________ 1. gently pull on cord until you can feel the gears engage 2. pull cord out firmly 2-3 feet 3. if it doesn't start may need to adjust choke and throttle. 4. check for cooling water peeing out back of motor, if not stop motor 5. check forward and reverse.
The command to prepare crew to tack ________ _______ "ready about ! "
The announcement by helmsman that she is about to tack the boat ________ _______ " Helms alee! "
The give-way vessel shall take __________ and ________ action to keep clear. clear, substantial
If the give-way does not seem to be taking action then the ________ ______ vessel must take action to avoid a collision stand-on
Nearly all vessels need to be ____________ with the state of operation or Federally ___________ thru the US Coast Guard registered, documented
There must me at least one Type I, II, III, or V _______ on board for ________ person. Life-Jacket (approved PDF), each
Examples of visual distress signals are (name 4) Flares, smoke flares, Signal Flag, SOS Light
An________ _________ can serve as a sound-producing device air horn
Federal blood alcohol limit is_____? .08
Lateral Aids to Navigation are identified by_____, ______, and _____________. color, shape, number
The procedure for recovery of a MOB is: 1)_____2)_____3)________4)_________ 1. spotter 2. flotation 3. return on close reach 4. stop boat by luffing the sails.
The Fig 8 recovery method works well on small boats since there is no ___________. jibe
One of the most important steps to check before going sailing is______________? check the weather
A ________plan can be provided a friend, relative who can contact authorities is you don't make contact on schedule. float plan
In the Aids to Nagivation system, a _____________is a floating aid and a beacon is a _______________ marker on land or in the water. buoy, fixed
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