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WWI

TermDefinition
Analyze To break something down into its parts and closely examine the parts, to determine meaning.
Connections a relationship in which a person, thing, or idea is linked or associated with something else.
Perspectives a particular attitude toward or way of regarding something; a point of view
Developments happenings or incidents over time
Historical context the details that surround an occurrence, including the social, religious, economic, and political conditions that existed during a certain time and place. Basically, it's all the details of the time and place in which a situation occurs.
Era a period of time that is associated with a particular quality, event, person, etc.
Allied Powers one side during the war; included Great Britain, France, Japan, Italy and eventually the U.S.
Alliances When countries join an alliance, they are agreeing to defend each other if they are attacked. The two major alliances at the beginning of the war were the Triple Alliance, including Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy (who become the Central Powers) and Triple Entente (who will become the Allies including Great Britain, France and Russia). *Italy will switch to join the Allies.
Nationalism a feeling of intense loyalty to one’s country; one cause of great tension in Europe
Militarism strengthening or building up your armies and navies to protect the country’s interests; Germany challenged Great Britain’s naval power in the early 1900s
Reparations payments imposed on the Central Powers for damages caused in the war
League of Nations created by Wilson’s peace plan, the Fourteen Points; member nations would preserve peace, prevent future wars, respect and protect each other’s independence
Armistice an agreement to end fighting; the armistice began on November 11, 1918; 11th hour on the 11th day of the 11th month
Trench Warfare a type of warfare in which each side occupies a system of protective trenches or ditches
Central Powers were opposed to the Allied Powers; countries included were Austria-Hungary, Germany, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire.
Stalemate a situation during a conflict when action stops because both sides are equally powerful and neither will give in
Treaty of Versailles World War I officially ended with the signing of this treaty which was on June 28, 1919. Negotiated among the Allied powers and with little participation from Germany, it reassigned German boundaries and assigned liability for reparations.
Archduke Ferdinand Heir to the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Was killed in Sarajevo by Gavrilo Princip.
U-boats German submarines that were used to sink ships carrying supplies to Britain. U-boat attacks on ships at sea eventually brought the U.S. into the war.
Poisonous Gas Poison gas was probably the most feared of all weapons in World War One. While the machine gun killed more soldiers overall during the war, death was frequently instant or not drawn out and soldiers could find some shelter in bomb/shell craters from gunfire. A poison gas attack meant soldiers having to put on crude gas masks and if these were unsuccessful, an attack could leave a victim in agony for days and weeks before he finally succumbed to his injuries.
Artillery a. mounted projectile-firing guns or missile launchers, mobile or stationary, light or heavy, as distinguished from small arms. b. .the troops or the branch of an army concerned with the use and service of such weapons.
Infantry soldiers or military units that fight on foot, in modern times typically with rifles, machine guns, grenades, mortars, etc., as weapons.
Rationing to restrict or limit the use or consumption of a commodity, food, etc.(ration-noun) a fixed allowance of provisions or food, especially for soldiers or sailors or for civilians during a shortage
Wilson’s 14 Points President Woodrow Wilson’s plan for organizing post WW1 Europe and for avoiding future wars.
No Man’s Land Strip of land between the trenches of opposing armies along the western front during WW1.
Created by: Matt.Shannon
 

 



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