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Industrial Rev.

Last 18 terms/definitions

TermConnection
Sabotage To deliberately destroy, damage, or obstruct something, especially for some sort of advantage. Competitive businesses as they started up would likely often sabotage their competitors.
Black Lists A list of people or things regarded as unacceptable or untrustworthy and should be avoided. Employees and businesses likely ended up blacklisted for various reasons at the time.
Monopoly Exclusive possession or control of or trade in a commodity or service; something many entrepreneurs of the time aspired to.
Union An association created by people with a common interest or purpose; worker’s unions of the time were seen as a necessity by employees, and a nuisance by employers.
Corporation A company/group of people authorized to act as a single entity and recognized as such by the law.
Stock Goods or merchandise kept on the premises of a business/warehouse and available for sale or distribution. Mass-manufactured goods became the main product of factories built during this time.
Trust An arrangement in which a person (trustee) holds property as its nominal owner for the good of one or more beneficiaries. Common in the starting of new businesses, many trusts were likely set up in the beginning of the industrial revolution.
Collective Bargaining Negotiation of wages and other conditions of employment by an organized body of employees. This is where worker’s unions came into play.
The Bessemer Process The first inexpensive industrial process for the mass production of steel before the development of the open hearth furnace; allowed for more profit within the steel industry.
Steamboat A boat propelled by a steam engine, typically with a paddle-like rudder at the back. Helped create a strong method of transportation across the nation.
Cotton Gin A machine that quickly and easily separates cotton fibres from the seeds; reduced the demand for manual labor in the cotton industry.
Battery A cell-filled container converting chemical energy into electricity to provide power; was used to power many newer devices, and is still used in commonplace items today.
Pasteurization Process in which food items are treated with mild heat to eliminate pathogens and extend shelf life; allowed for safer and longer-lasting food items, most notably dairy products and juices.
Photograph A picture made using a camera, traditionally focused onto a light-sensitive material and developed by chemical treatment or (more commonly today) stored digitally. Exposed many immoral goings-on within factories and other industrial workplaces.
Stethoscope Medical instrument used to listen to the sound of a patient’s heartbeat and/or breathing; helped to detect the presence of health issues caused by exposure or strenuous work in factories/mines.
Telegraph Long-distance message transmission system that typically involved making and breaking an electrical connection across a wire. A great messaging system for government officials.
Interchangeable Parts Parts that are made as identical as possible so that they can be easily replaced; made manufacturing and repairing mass-produced machines less of a hassle.
Division of Labor Assignment of different aspects of a manufacturing process or task to different people; the assembly line tactic, it allowed for greater efficiency in creating mass-produced products.
Child Labor The use of children in industry or business; children were often sent to work as soon as they were able to physically do the job so as to help earn money for their families (though they weren’t paid as much).
Created by: janie.johnson
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