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Chapter 3 Vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
Cyclic movement Regular journey that begins at a home base and returns to the exact same place. A form of movement.
Activity spaces Places within the rounds of daily activity.
Snowbirds Retired or semiretired people who live in cold states and Canada for most of the year and move to warm states for the winter.
Pastoralism A type of cyclic movement when herders move livestock through the year to continually find fresh water and green pastures.
Transhumance Migration pattern in which livestock are led to highlands during summer months and lowlands during winter months to graze.
Relocation diffusion Spread of an idea or innovation from its hearth by the act of people moving and taking the idea of innovation with them.
International migration Purposeful movement of people from one country to another with a degree of permanence or intent to stay.
Emigrants A person who permanently moves out of their home country.
Immigrants A person who permanently moves into a new country.
Net migration Difference between the number of immigrants (those coming into a country) and the number of emigrants (those leaving a country).
Refugees Migrants who left their country because of political persecution and seek asylum in another country.
Remittances Money that migrants send back to families and friends in their home countries, often in cash, forming an important part of the economy in many lower-income (peripheral) countries.
Reverse remittances Money flowing from home countries to migrants in their destination countries.
Guest workers Migrants who are invited into a country to work temporarily, are granted work visa status, and are expected to return to their home country at the end of the visa.
Islands of development Cities in developing regions where foreign investment is concentrated and to which rural migrants are drawn.
Internal migration Purposeful movement of people within a country form one location to another with a degree of permanence or intent to stay.
Diaspora Dispersal of a people from their homeland to a new place, either voluntarily or by force.
Assimilation When a minority group loses distinct cultural traits, such as dress, food, or speech, and adopts the customs of the dominant culture.
Human trafficking A form of forced migration where people are involuntary sold and traded for manual labor or as workers in the commercial sex trade.
Gulags Forced labor or prison labor camps. Most often associated with authoritarian countries.
Distance decay Decreasing likelihood of diffusion with greater distance from the hearth.
Gravity model Urban geography model that mathematically predicts the degree of interaction and probability of migration (and other flows) between two places.
Push factors Circumstances a migrant considers when deciding to leave the home country.
Pull factors Circumstances a migrant considers when deciding where to migrate.
Intervening opportunity Presence of an opportunity near a migrant’s current location that greatly diminishes the attractiveness of migrating to a site farther away.
Unauthorized or undocumented migrants Migrants who do not have legal permission to stay in the country where they live. Unauthorized migrants can be those who enter a country legally, as authorized migrants with a visa, and then stay when the visa expires.
Coyotes People that smuggle others across a border for a sizable fee.
Chain migration Permanent movement from one place to another that follows kinship links. For example, a group of migrants settles in a place and then communicates with family and friends at their former location to encourage migration along the same path.
Repatriation A refugee or group of refugees returning to their home country, usually with the assistance of government or a non-governmental organization.
Asylum seekers Migrant who claims the right to protection as a refugee in a country other than their home country.
Internally displaced persons (IDP’s) People who have been displaced within their home country and do not cross international boundaries.
Bracero Program Laws and agreements passed in the U.S. and Mexico in 1942 to encourage Mexicans to migrate to the United States to work in agriculture.
Created by: pl194202
 

 



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