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Chapter 3 Vocabulary
|Regular journey that begins at a home base and returns to the exact same place. A form of movement.
|Places within the rounds of daily activity.
|Retired or semiretired people who live in cold states and Canada for most of the year and move to warm states for the winter.
|A type of cyclic movement when herders move livestock through the year to continually find fresh water and green pastures.
|Migration pattern in which livestock are led to highlands during summer months and lowlands during winter months to graze.
|Spread of an idea or innovation from its hearth by the act of people moving and taking the idea of innovation with them.
|Purposeful movement of people from one country to another with a degree of permanence or intent to stay.
|A person who permanently moves out of their home country.
|A person who permanently moves into a new country.
|Difference between the number of immigrants (those coming into a country) and the number of emigrants (those leaving a country).
|Migrants who left their country because of political persecution and seek asylum in another country.
|Money that migrants send back to families and friends in their home countries, often in cash, forming an important part of the economy in many lower-income (peripheral) countries.
|Money flowing from home countries to migrants in their destination countries.
|Migrants who are invited into a country to work temporarily, are granted work visa status, and are expected to return to their home country at the end of the visa.
|Islands of development
|Cities in developing regions where foreign investment is concentrated and to which rural migrants are drawn.
|Purposeful movement of people within a country form one location to another with a degree of permanence or intent to stay.
|Dispersal of a people from their homeland to a new place, either voluntarily or by force.
|When a minority group loses distinct cultural traits, such as dress, food, or speech, and adopts the customs of the dominant culture.
|A form of forced migration where people are involuntary sold and traded for manual labor or as workers in the commercial sex trade.
|Forced labor or prison labor camps. Most often associated with authoritarian countries.
|Decreasing likelihood of diffusion with greater distance from the hearth.
|Urban geography model that mathematically predicts the degree of interaction and probability of migration (and other flows) between two places.
|Circumstances a migrant considers when deciding to leave the home country.
|Circumstances a migrant considers when deciding where to migrate.
|Presence of an opportunity near a migrant’s current location that greatly diminishes the attractiveness of migrating to a site farther away.
|Unauthorized or undocumented migrants
|Migrants who do not have legal permission to stay in the country where they live. Unauthorized migrants can be those who enter a country legally, as authorized migrants with a visa, and then stay when the visa expires.
|People that smuggle others across a border for a sizable fee.
|Permanent movement from one place to another that follows kinship links. For example, a group of migrants settles in a place and then communicates with family and friends at their former location to encourage migration along the same path.
|A refugee or group of refugees returning to their home country, usually with the assistance of government or a non-governmental organization.
|Migrant who claims the right to protection as a refugee in a country other than their home country.
|Internally displaced persons (IDP’s)
|People who have been displaced within their home country and do not cross international boundaries.
|Laws and agreements passed in the U.S. and Mexico in 1942 to encourage Mexicans to migrate to the United States to work in agriculture.