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Social 10 Unit 1

terms, concepts, dates and names from Social 10 Unit 1

Aboriginal people(s) the original inhabitants of a country or territory.
accommodation one culture modifying itself to fit in with the dominant culture
acculturation change in cultures resulting from exposure to each other. Individuals experience acculturation when their social roles are shaped by norms and values that are largely foreign to their native culture.
affirmation a personal declaration that one’s own culture or identity has value and validity
the arts the conscious use of skill and creative imagination especially in the production of aesthetic objects
apartheid a policy of racial segregation maintained in South Africa from 1948 to 1991
assimilation the process by which an ethnic group loses its distinct language and culture and becomes absorbed into the dominant group
Business outsourcing process managing the business services of a company by relocating them to another country. The most common examples of business process outsourcing are call centres and payroll outsourcing.
citizen a native or naturalized person who owes allegiance to a nation or government
Cultural revitalization a rebirth or newfound interest and growth in a culture
culture the way groups of people live A culture is created over time and shared by a group with a generally understood shared set of values and beliefs. Cultures are always changing. Some people call culture a “design for living”
customs a long established practice or habit of a community; an unwritten and unstated rule of behaviour For example, eating with chopsticks is customary in China. Many Canadian households put up a Christmas tree.
diversity the quality of being different
dominant controlling or prevailing over all others
First Nations the first peoples to live in Canada, formerly known as Canadian “Indian” individuals and communities. Currently referred to as Indigenous or Aboriginal.
Francophone a person who speaks French as his or her first language
global village a term coined by Marshall McLuhan that describes how electronic mass media collapse space and time barriers and enable people from all over the world to interact and have a sense of community similar to that of a village
globalization the process by which people around the world are becoming increasingly interconnected through trade, the media, and migration with both positive and negative effects on individuals and societies
homogenization the process by which all cultures gradually lose their distinctive features and one blended culture results; the resulting culture sometimes called a “monoculture”
hybridization the process of cultures changing to produce a new culture due to influences of other cultures The Métis culture is the result of a hybridization of Indigenous and white settlers.
identity distinct characteristics and personality shaped by many factors Each person has an individual identity and an identity as a member of each of the many groups (collectives) to which one belongs.
ideology the study of the origin and nature of people; doctrine, philosophy, or body of beliefs or principles belonging to an individual or group In Canada, capitalism is the dominant economic ideology and democracy is the dominant political ideology.
idiolect the speech habits peculiar to a particular person
imperialism domination by one or more countries over others to gain power and wealth It can occur through the use of weapons, economic control, or political control by a powerful nation.
Cultural imperialism occurs when a dominant culture overpowers another culture.
Economic imperialism occurs when a powerful nation or a powerful corporation takes control of another country to make money for itself.
indigenous inhabiting a land prior to the arrival of people from another
Nation In Canada, this includes the Inuit and the First Nations peoples, sometimes called North American Indians or Native peoples.
integration the joining of various ethnic groups within a society into a common society with generally accepted values A cultural group may keep its own values and traditions within the larger whole.
Inuit he Aboriginal inhabitants of Canada’s Far North, with distinctive culture and language
marginalization the result of a less-dominant group taking on some of the habits and customs of the dominant society thereby becoming incompletely assimilated but no longer belonging to any cultural group
media any form in which communication occurs
mass media the media that are used to communicate with large numbers of people, usually at least a whole nation. This includes radio, television, newspapers, magazines, and the Internet. Media is a powerful force in our globalizing world.
Métis the descendents of Aboriginal women and European men after the arrival of the French and English in Canada. The uniquely Canadian cultural group followed the fur trade and developed its own identity and was a part of the expansion into the West.
mother tongue the first language a person learned at home in childhood and still understands
Multiple perspectives the idea that many different viewpoints exist on every issue Individuals and groups have different views based on their culture, values, beliefs, history, and experience. No one view is necessarily more “correct” than another.
oral traditions the history and traditions of a society from people’s memories passed to succeeding generations through the spoken word perspective a mental view or outlook of a particular group as shaped by its values system, background, and experiences
pluralism the condition that individual and group differences are present in a society and are celebrated as enriching the social fabric Canada is considered to be a pluralistic nation.
religion a system of beliefs that involves the existence or nonexistence of at least one of a human soul, spirit, a deity, a higher being, or self after the death of one’s body
spirituality a concern for the things of the spirit or the world beyond that which can be seen and heard
tolerance acceptance or sympathy for beliefs or practices different from one’s own
tradition an inherited, established, or customary pattern of thought, action, or behaviour (as a religious practice or a social custom)
values general beliefs about what is right, moral, and desirable
Created by: MrsPatwright
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