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Chapter 3 Vocab

TermDefinition
Asylum Seekers Migrant who claims the right to protection as a refugee in a country other than their home country.
Activity Spaces Places within the rounds of daily activity.
Assimilation When a minority group loses distinct cultural traits, such as dress, food, or speech, and adopts the customs of the dominate culture. Can happen voluntarily or by force.
Bracero Program Laws and agreements passed in the U.S. and Mexico in 1942 to encourage Mexicans to migrate to the United States to work in agriculture.
Cyclic Movement Regular journey that begins at a home base and returns to the exact same place. A form of movement.
Coyotes Coyotes smuggle people across the border for a sizable fee
Chain Migration Permanent movement from one place to another that follows kinship links. For example, a group of migrants settles in a place and then communicates with family and friends at their former location to encourage migration along the same path.
Distance Decay Decreasing likelihood of diffusion with greater distance from the hearth.
Diaspora Dispersal of a people from their homeland to a new place, either voluntarily or by force.
Emigrants People who permanently move out of their home country.
Islands of Development Cities in developing regions where foreign investment is concentrated and to which rural migrants are drawn.
Internal Migration Purposeful movement of people within a country from one location to another with a degree of permanence or intent to stay.
Intervening Opportunity Presence of an opportunity near a migrant’s current location that greatly diminishes the attractiveness of migrating to a site farther away.
Internally Displaced Persons (IDP’S) People who have been displaced within their home country and do not cross international boundaries.
International Migration Purposeful movement of people from one country to another with a degree of permanence or intent to stay.
Gravity Model Urban geography model that mathematically predicts the degree of interaction and probability of migration (and other flows) between two places.
Gulags Forced labor or prison labor camps. Most often associated with authoritarian countries.
Guest Workers Migrants who are invited into a country to work temporarily, are granted work visa status, and are expected to return to their home country at the end of the visa.
Net Migration Difference between the number of immigrants (those coming into a country) and the number of emigrants (those leaving a country).
Push Factors Circumstances a migrant considers when deciding to leave the home country.
Pull Factors Circumstances a migrant considers when deciding where to migrate.
Pastoralism A type of cyclic movement when herders move livestock through the year to continually find fresh water and green pastures.
Relocation Diffusion Spread of an idea or innovation from its hearth by the act of people moving and taking the idea or innovation with them.
Refugees Migrants who flee their country because of political persecution and seek asylum in another country.
Reverse Remittances Money flowing from home countries to migrants in their destination countries.
Repatriation A refugee or group of refugees returning to their home country, usually with the assistance of government or a non governmental organization.
Transhumance Migration pattern in which livestock are led to highlands during summer months and lowlands during winter months to graze.
Unauthorized or Undocumented Migrants Migrants who do not have legal permission to stay in the country where they live. They can enter legally or illegally.
Snowbirds Retired or semiretired people who live in cold states and Canada for most of the year and move to warm states for the winter.
Human Trafficking A form of forced migration where people are involuntary sold and traded for manual labor or as workers in the commercial sex trade.
Immigrants People who permanently move into a new country.
Remittances Money that migrants send back to families and friends in their home countries, often in cash, forming an important part of the economy in many lower income (peripheral) countries.
Created by: pl249171
 

 



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