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SW Asia Gov.

SW Asia Government Vocabulary

autocracy a system of government by one person with absolute power.
absolute monarchy A system of government in which the leader is a hereditary position who has almost complete power
democracy A political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
Presidential Democracy The people vote for the president and Congress
Parliamentary Democracy The people vote for the legislature then the legislature chooses one of its members to enforce the laws
Legislative Makes laws
executive The person who runs the government and sees that the laws are carried out head of government The executive role that deals with the everyday tasks of running the state, such as formulating and executing policy
head of government The executive role that deals with the everyday tasks of running the state, such as formulating and executing policy
unicameral a legislative body with one chamber
bicameral A legislature consisting of two parts, or houses
Turkey Presidential democracy
Israel Parliamentary Democracy
Saudi Arabia autocracy; absolute monarchy; autocratic monarchy
Iran theocracy
theocracy A government controlled by religious leaders
Knessett legislature of Israel
legislature A group of people who have the power to make laws
Prime minister the title of the leader of Israel
Grand National Assembly legislature of Turkey
King title of the leader of Saudi Arabia
Supreme Leader Title given to the ayatollah who sits atop all Iranian political institutions
Most political freedom Israel
Least political freedom Saudi Arabia
Very few political freedoms Iran
Persian Gulf Conflict 1990-1991 Reason - Iraq invades Kuwait to gain control of oil fields. Outcome - UN puts trade embargo against Iraq which hurts its economy
Operation Desert Storm another name for the Persian Gulf War
US invasion of Iraq 2003 In search for weapons of mass destruction (none found) Saddam Hussein overthrown US leads to stabilize country and empower to create democratic gov't.
US invasion of Afghanistan A US military campaign against Al Qaeda and the Taliban following the attacks on September 11th
Al Qaeda Islamist terrorist organization that launched a series of attacks against U.S.
Taliban Gov't of Afghanistan when the US invaded
Osama Bin Laden Founder of al Qaeda, the terrorist network responsible for the attacks of September 11, 2001, and other attacks
Sadam Hussein Former leader of Iraq
Created by: Stauffer



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