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Social studies sec.3

Dead sea A salt lake between Isreal and Jordan; The dead sea is the lowest point on earth.
Jordan river A river of southwest Asia rising in Syria and flowing about 322 km (200 mi) south through the Sea of Galilee to the northern end of the Dead Sea
King David king of the isrealites after saul: inified the jews into a settled nation and established a capital at the city of jerusalum.
Solomon 10th century b.c., king of Israel (son of David).
Torah the Pentateuch, being the first of the three Jewish divisions of the Old Testament.
Abraham the first of the great Biblical patriarchs, father of Isaac, and traditional founder of the ancient Hebrew nation: considered by Muslims an ancestor of the Arab peoples through his son Ishmael.
Persian Gulf the first of the great Biblical patriarchs, father of Isaac, and traditional founder of the ancient Hebrew nation: considered by Muslims an ancestor of the Arab peoples through his son Ishmael.
Mesopotamia an ancient region in W Asia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers: now part of Iraq.
Nebuchadrezzar A king of babylonia,604-561, and conqurer of jerusalum
Moses the Hebrew prophet who led the Israelites out of Egypt and delivered the Law during their years of wandering in the wilderness.
Epic Of Gilgamesh The Epic of Gilgamesh is an epic poem from Ancient Iraq and is among the earliest known works of literary writings. Scholars believe that it originated as a series of Sumerian legends and poems about the mythological hero-king Gilgamesh.
Ninevah the ancient capital of Assyria: its ruins are opposite Mosul, on the Tigris River, in N Iraq.
Tyre A rich tradeport and the major city of phoenica,located on the eastern Mediteranian Sea in present day southern Lebanon.
Euphrates river a river in SW Asia, flowing from E Turkey through Syria and Iraq, joining the Tigris to form the Shatt-al-Arab near the Persian Gulf. 1700 mi. (2735 km) long.
Covenant a sacred agreement.
Empire a government under an emperor or empress.
Myth a traditional or legendary story, usually concerning some being or hero or event, with or without a determinable basis of fact or a natural explanation.
Isreal a republic in SW Asia, on the Mediterranean: formed as a Jewish state May 1948. 5,534,672; 7984 sq. mi. (20,679 sq. km). Capital: Jerusalem.
Phoenicians a native or inhabitant of Phoenicia.
Zagros mountains a mountain range in S and SW Iran, extending along parts of the borders of Turkey and Iraq. Highest peak, Zardeh Kuh, 14,912 ft. (4545 m).
Code a system for communication by telegraph, heliograph, etc., in which long and short sounds, light flashes, etc., are used to symbolize the content of a message: Morse code.
Hebrews a book of the New Testament. Abbreviation: Heb.
Exile The babylonian captivity of the jews. 597-598 B.C
Black sea A sea between Europe and Asia.
Sumer The site of the earliest known civilization: located in mesopatamia, in present day southern Iraq; later Babylonia.
Diaspora The scattering of the jews to countries outside of Palestine after the Babylonian captivity.
Caravan a group of travelers, as merchants or pilgrims, journeying together for safety in passing through deserts, hostile territory, etc.
Bazaar a marketplace or shopping quarter, esp. one in the Middle East.
Famine extreme and general scarcity of food, as in a country or a large geographical area.
Tigris river a river in SW Asia, flowing SE from SE Turkey through Iraq, joining the Euphrates to form the Shatt-al-Arab. 1150 mi. (1850 km) long.
Assyrians a native or an inhabitant of Assyria.
Hammurabi 18th century b.c. or earlier, king of Babylonia.
Polytheism the doctrine of or belief in more than one god or in many gods.
Sargon king of assyria,conqured babylonia and founded thelast great assyrian dynasty.
Alphabet the letters of a language in their customary order.
Scribe a person who serves as a professional copyist, esp. one who made copies of manuscripts before the invention of printing.
Chaldeans one of an ancient Semitic people that formed the dominant element in Babylonia.
Astronomy the science that deals with the material universe beyond the earth's atmosphere.
Ur A city of ancient sumer in southern Mesopatamia,located in pressent-day south east Iraq.
Canaan A region occupied by the ancient isrealites,also known as palestine,located betweeb the jordan river,Mediteranian Sea and the dead sea, on site that includes present-day isreal and part of jordan.
Ziggurat a temple of Sumerian origin in the form of a pyramidal tower, consisting of a number of stories and having about the outside a broad ascent winding round the structure, presenting the appearance of a series of terraces.
Monotheism the doctrine or belief that there is only one God.
Prophet a person who speaks for got or a diety,or by divine insperation.
10 commandments the ten commands/rules from god.
Dead Sea scrolls a number of leather,papyrus,and copper scrolls dating from a.d. 135,containing partial texts of some of the books of the Old Testament and some non-Biblical scrolls.
Jerusalum The capital city of modern Isreal: Holy vity of jews,chritians,and muslims.
Chariot a light, two-wheeled vehicle for one person, usually drawn by two horses and driven from a standing position, used in ancient Egypt, Greece, Rome, etc., in warfare, racing, hunting, etc
Babylon An ancient region around southeastern mesopatamia and between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers;now present-day Iraq.
City-State a sovereign state consisting of an autonomous city with its dependencies.
Created by: gabsta8
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