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Unit 1 SS 8

TermDefinition
Convict Leasing The system in which southern states leased prisoners to private railways, mines, and large plantations. While states profited, prisoners earned no pay and faced inhumane, dangerous, and often deadly work conditions.
Reconstruction The period (1865–77) that followed the American Civil War and during which attempts were made to redress the inequities of slavery and its political, social, and economic legacy
Segregation The enforced separation of different racial groups in a country, community, or establishment.
Black Codes Laws passed in the South just after the Civil War aimed at controlling freedmen and enabling plantation owners to exploit African American workers
Systemic Racism The form of racism that is embedded in the systems & structures of society or an organization through laws and regulations.
Equality A state of affairs in which all people within a society have the same status in certain respects, including civil rights, freedom of speech, property rights and equal access to goods and services
Injustice The violation of the rights of others; unjust or unfair action or treatment.
Black Codes The system that southern state legislatures quickly passed as new laws that only applied to Black people and subjected them to criminal prosecution for minor “offenses”.
Three Strikes Law A law that imposed automatic life sentences for people convicted of certain felony offenses if they already have two convictions on their record.
Mass Incarceration The system that describes the significant increase in the number of people imprisoned in United States ' prisons over the past fifty years.
Advocacy An activity by an individual or group that aims to influence decisions within political, economic, and social institutions.
13th Amendment The Amendment to the United States Constitution that abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime in 1865.
14th Amendment The Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1868, granted citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the United States—including former enslaved people—and guaranteed all citizens “equal protection of the laws.”
15th Amendment The Amendment to the United States Constitution prohibiting the federal government and each state from denying a citizen the right to vote based on that citizen's "race, color, or previous condition of servitude" ratified in 1870.
Created by: KMerritt17
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