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chapter 1

TermDefinition
immigrant a person who moves permanently to a new country
distinct able to be perceived as separate, unique, special, or diffrent in some way
ethnic group a group of people who share a common national, cultural, or racial background.
values the general principles or beliefs people use to make judgments and decisions.
institutions a key practice, relationships, or organization in a society
arbitrary not agreed upon; seemingly random
popular sovereignty the idea that power lies with the people
citizen community member who owes loyalty to the government and is entitled to protection from it.
civics the study of rights and duties of citizens
citizenship rights and duties of members of a state.
government the ruling authority for a community
naturalization a legal progress to obtain citizenship
alien foreign- born resident of the united states who has not been naturalized
refugee a person who has unwillingly left his or her home to escape war, famine, or other disaster
priority the goals a community considers most important or most urgent; the highest ranking on the list.
responsibility an obligation that we fulfill voluntarily
duties a thing we are required to do.
register to record or enroll
tolerance respecting and accepting others, regardless of their beliefs, practices, or differences
welfare the health, prosperity, and happiness of the members of a community.
volunteerism the practice of offering your time and services to others without payment.
resolve to find a solution to a disagreement
public policy the course of action the government takes in response to an issue or a problem
representative democracy a government in which citizens choose a smaller group to govern on their behalf.
constitutional monarchy monarchy in which the power of the hereditary ruler is limited by the country constitution and laws
deny to take away a right or a privilege
draft to call for military service
majority rule political principle providing that a majority of the members of a community has the power to make laws binding upon all the people
regime a government that is in power.
authoritarian regime a government in which one leader or group of people holds absolute power.
totalitarian a system in which government control extends to almost all aspects of peoples lives.
ideology a body of ideas about life and society
socialism system is which society, either directly or indirectly through the government, controls all aspects of the economy.
senate the upper house of congress, consisting of two representatives from each state
house of Representatives the lower house of congress, consisting of a different number of representative from each state depending on population
Created by: GraceButler
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