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Environmental Issues

Environmental Issues of the Middle East

TermDefinition
underground aquifer layers of underground rock where water runoff from rains and streams is trapped
desalination the process of removing salt and other chemicals from seawater
Agricultural Runoff farmers using chemical fertilizers and pesticides which gets into the water supply causing contamination
hydroelectric power electricity produced from the energy of running water
Tigris, Euphrates, and Jordan Rivers main river systems in the middle east shared by many countries
irrigation using water from rivers to water crops
fresh water limited natural resource in SW Asia
industrial waste Dirty water used by industries is not treated before entering rivers
Jordan River The river that has caused conflicts between Israel and Jordan due to water rights.
Turkey This country has built many dams to be sure its people have water as well as power making it the most water wealthy of these countries.
Israel This country has developed a system of pipelines to help its people get water thereby depriving the people of of Jordan from getting water.
Oil Spills from shipping accidents Type of pollution in the Black Sea near Turkey
Syria This country has 40% less water in the past because of the dams in Turkey
Jordan Water is rationed in this country as it is one of the 10 most water scarce countries in the world
Saudi Arabia One of the world's largest desalination plants is found here
80% Iraq has __________ less water in the past because of the dams in Turkey
Food Shortage Syrian and Iraqi people have experienced this due to lack of water resources
farmers will no longer have work (either will fishermen) This may happen to the people in the Middle East if they don't have enough water for irrigation
Created by: knightonam
 

 



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