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Biotech

TermDefinition
protein dna or rna; genetic material; the instructions for amino acid sequences of proteins; made of nitrogen bases
lipid another word for fat; compounds that are greasy; one of the main parts of cells; used to store energy in the body and make up cell membranes; made of triglycerides
biomolecule compounds that have carbon atoms; in organisms, they are called macromolecules or polymers; ex. carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, nucleic acids
nucleic acid chemical compounds that carry out most of the chemical processes in an organism/cell; made of amino acids
organic molecules a polymer; made up of many smaller molecules linked together; ex. the biomolecules
monosaccharide a monomer; the simplest types of carbohydrates; simple sugars; ex. glucose, ribose, fructose
triglyceride a monomer; the small compounds that make up a lipid; made up of 3 long fatty acid chains joined to a glycerol molecule; can be saturated or unsaturated
amino acid a monomer; the small compounds that make up proteins; contain nitrogen; there are 20 different amino acids
nucleotide a monomer; the small compounds that make up nucleic acids; made up of a sugar, phosphate, and a nitrogen base.
monomer a small molecule; when combined with other similar small molecules makes a big molecule (polymer)
carbohydrate sugars, glucose, starches, and cellulose; compounds made in plants; the main source of energy for organisms
polymer a chemical compound that is made of many small molecules linked together; ex. the biomolecules
Created by: Malarcon8580
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