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Chapter 1 Vocabulary
|The spatial study of people, place, space, and environment
|How people affect the natural landscape.
|Observations researchers make of physical and cultural landscapes with a focus on seeing similarities and differences.
|Description of the spatial distribution of a human or physical phenomenon.
|One of the two major divisions on geography; the spatial analysis of physical phenomena, including climate, environmental hazards, weather systems, animals, and topography.
|Physical locations of geographic phenomena, usually shown on a map.
|An outbreak of a disease that spreads worldwide.
|Widespread, rapid diffusion of disease among a people in a particular location or region at a particular time.
|Looking at where things occur, while they occur where they do, and how places are interconnected.
|Mental categories used to organize and analyze the world spatially.
|Position on earth, including both absolute location and relative location ( one of the five themes of geography).
|Precise location of a place, usually defined by latitude and longitude.
|The location of a place or attribute in reference to another place or attribute.
|Understanding the distribution of cities, industries, services, or consumers with the goal of explaining why places are chosen as sites of production or consumption. The von Thünen model is an example.
|Reciprocal relationship between humans and environment (one of the five themes of geography).
|Set of theories that use environmental differences to explain everything from intelligence to wealth.
|Area or place where an idea, innovation, or technology originates.
|Theory in geography that humans, not environment, shape culture.
|The idea that land can hold a measurable amount of plant and animal life.
|Study of the historical interaction between humans and environment in a place, including ways humans have modified and adapted to environment.
|An approach to studying human- environment interactions in the context of political, economic, and historical conditions operating at multiple scales.
|Area of earth identified as sharing a formal, functional, or perceptual commonality that makes it different from regions around it (one of the five themes of geography).
|Area of land with common cultural or physical traits.
|A learned belief, norm, or value passed down through generations in a culture.
|Area of land defined as sharing a common purpose in society.
|Uniqueness of a location (one of the five themes of geography).
|Sense of Place
|Infusing a place with meaning as a result of experiences in a place.
|Perception of Place
|How a place is envisioned.
|Mobility of people, goods, and services across earth (one of the five themes of geography).
|Spread of an idea, innovation, or technology from its hearth to other people and places.
|Degree of connectedness or contact among people or places.
|Decreasing likelihood of diffusion with greater distance from the hearth.
|Ease of flow between two places.
|Position of a place or area relative to others in a network.
|A process of diffusion where two cultural traits blend to create a distinct trait.
|Spread of an idea or innovation from its hearth by the act of people moving and taking the idea or innovation with them.
|The visible human imprint on the landscape.
|Imprints left on the cultural landscape by a series of success of societies. Each society contributed to the cumulative cultural landscape.
|Changing the geographical scope at which a problem is addressed by engaging decision makers and gatekeepers at another scale.
|The physical and human geography creating the place, environment, and space in which events occur and people act.
|The art and science of making maps.
|Maps showing absolute location of places and geographic features.
|A map that tells a story, typically showing the degree of some attribute or the movement of a geographic phenomenon using map symbols.
|Global Positioning System (GPS)
|Satellite-based system for determining the absolute location of places or geographic feature.
|Maps of an area made from memory or experience by individuals or a group (also known as cognitive maps).
|Places within the rounds of daily activity.
|Areas on maps that are not well defined because they are off-limits or unknown to the map maker.
|A method of collecting data or information through the use of instruments (e.g. satellites) that are physically distant from the area of study.
|Geographic Information System (GIS)
|A system of computer hardware and software design to show, analyze, and represent geographic data (data that have locations).
|System of belief systems, norms, and values practiced by a people
|A group of interrelated cultural traits, such as prevailing dress codes and cooking and eating utensils.
|Connection point in a network, where goods and ideas flow in, out, and through the network.
|Area of land that an individual perceives as being similar.
|The spread of an idea or innovation from it’s hearth across space without the aid of people moving.
|Spread of an idea or innovation from one person or place to another person or place based on proximity. Specific type of expansion diffusion.
|Spread of an idea or innovation from one person or place to another person or place based on a hierarchy of connectedness. Specific type of expansion diffusion.
|Geographical scope (local, national, or global) in which we analyze and understand a phenomenon.
|Processes heightening interactions, increasing interdependence, and depending relations across country borders.