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UNIT VII

Sectional Differences

QuestionAnswer
Sectionalism Northerners were becoming more opposed to slavery, whether for moral or economic reasons, and Southerners were becoming more united in their defense of slavery as an institution.
slave code any of the rules based on the concept that enslaved persons were property, not persons
Fugitive Slave Law Provided for the seizure and return of runaway slaves who escaped from one state into another or into a federal territory.
Nat Turner's Rebellion a rebellion of black slaves that took place in Southampton County, Virginia, in August 1831, led by Nat Turner. Fugitive enslaved people killed from 55 to 65 people, at least 51 being white
Underground Railroad A network of secret routes and safe houses established in the United States during the early to mid-19th century, and used by enslaved African-Americans to escape into free states and Canada.
Harriet Tubman 70 enslaved people using the Underground Railroad
John C Calhoun Vice president who strongly defending slavery and for advancing the concept of minority states' rights in politics
states' rights Political powers held for the state governments rather than the federal government according to the United States Constitution, reflecting especially the enumerated powers of Congress and the Tenth Amendment.
Missouri Compromise Federal legislation that admitted Maine to the United States as a free state, simultaneously with Missouri as a slave state—thus maintaining the balance of power between North and South in the United States Senate.
Daniel Webster He opposed the War of 1812 and changed his mind about slavery because he wanted to become president.
Compromise of 1850 Five separate bills meant to appease confrontation between free and slave states.
Bleeding Kansas Violent confrontations between slave and anti-slave states that set the stage for the Civil War.
Stephen Douglas Leader of the democratic party who believed slavery should be voted on by the general public in each state.
Kansas Nebraska Act Stephen Douglas's idea that repealed the Missouri Compromise and left whether slavery was allowed in a state up to a vote.
Harriet Beecher Stowe Abolitionist who wrote "Uncle Tom's Cabin" to inform people about the realities of slavery.
Dred Scott Was a slave but had lived in free territory. The Supreme Court ruled he was not a citizen and could not sue his owner in a federal court.
Harper's Ferry John Brown led 21 men down the road to Harpers Ferry in what is today West Virginia. The plan was to take the town's federal armory and even though they lost there was a major slave uprising.
Abraham Lincoln Republican president (16th) during the Civil War.
Created by: MWilliams2021
 

 



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