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Islam Vocab

Vocabulary for Islam

Bedouin a desert-dwelling Arab nomad herders
Muhammad (c. 570-632) introduces the religion of Islam to southwestern Asia. According to Muslim belief, Muhammad heard the voice of the angel Gabriel instructing him to serve as a messenger of God
Mecca a city in western Saudi Arabia; the birthplace of Muhammad viewed by Muslim as the prophet of Islam and the most holy city of Islamic people
Yathrib final destination of Muhammad's hijra (journey) and the home of the first community of Muslims; later renamed Medina
hijra Muhammad's journey from Mecca to Medina in 622
Medina a city in western Saudi Arabia; a city where Muhammad preached
Kaaba the most sacred temple of Islam, located a Mecca
Quran the holy book of Islam
mosque Muslim house of worship
hajj one of the Five Pillars of Islam; the pilgrimage that all Muslims are expected to make at least once in their lifetime
Sharia a body of Islamic law that includes interpretation of the Quran and applies Islamic principals to everyday life
Abu Bakr Muhammad's father-in-law and an early convert to Islam, and the first Muslim caliph (successor)
caliph a successor to Muhammad as political and religious leader of Muslims
Sunni a member of one of one o the largest Muslim sects; believed that inspiration came from the example of Muhammad as recorded by his early followers
Shiite a member of one of the two major Muslim sects; believe that the descendants of Muhammad's daughter and son-in-law; Ali are the true Muslim leaders
Sufi Muslim mystic who seeks communion with God through meditation, fasting, and other rituals
Umayyad Sunni dynasty of caliphs that ruled from 661-750
Abbasid dynasty that led in Baghdad from 750-1258
Baghdad capital city of present-day Iraq; capital of the Muslim empire during Islam's golden age
minaret slender tower of a mosque, from which Muslim's are called to prayer
sultan Muslim ruler
Created by: susyq65
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