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VOCABULARY ROME

DEFINITIONS UNIT 7 (ROME)

TermDefinition
altar a table used in religious rituals, such as making sacrifices to the gods.
bust a sculpture of a person's head, shoulders and chest.
canon a series of artistic rules for sculptors to follow in the classical world.
column a tall, upright support for a building.
comedy theatrical genre that recreates the joyful aspects of daily life and ends happily.
concrete a building material made from small stones and fragments of brick.
demigod a mortal born from the union between a god and a human being.
forum the public square in the centre of a Roman town that was used as a meeting place.
heritage society's inheritance from the past in the form of buildings, culture, etc.
legacy something that has been handed down from the past.
mausoleum a large tomb, used to house the remains of important people or wealthy citizens.
mosaic a decorative work on a wall or floor, made of small pieces of ceramic or glass.
omen an event believed to be a sign (either good or bad) of the future.
oracle a sacred place where people consulted the gods.
orders the various characteristic styles of classical architecture.
pantheon the group name for all of the Greek or Roman gods. Also a domed, circular temple in Rome.
persecute to treat someone badly because of their race, religion or beliefs.
prayer a request to a god or deity. tragedy (n): a dramatic genre in classical theatre that showed the downfall of a heroic figure. truce (n): an agreement to stop hostilities during a war
tragedy a dramatic genre in classical theatre that showed the downfall of a heroic figure.
truce an agreement to stop hostilities during a war
amphitheatre an open-air, semi-circular structure built on a hillside in which many people could watch theatre or sporting events.
aqueduct a type of bridge built to transport water overland into a town or city.
clan a close community of families with a shared culture and identity.
circus a large, open-air stadium where people watched chariot races.
colonisers the people who established communities in foreign lands.
courtyard a central, open-air part of a building.
domus a large urban house owned by a wealthy Roman citizen.
governor a person who controlled the province and collected taxes.
insula an apartment building with more than one floor where Rome's lower classes lived.
latifundium a large rural estate.
mining the process of extracting minerals from the ground.
occupy to have total political, legal and military control over a foreign population or territory.
pater familias the male head of a Roman family.
plough an agricultural tool that prepares the soil for planting.
surrender to agree to stop fighting as a result of defeat.
toga an item of clothing worn by Roman citizens, made from a single piece of material that covered the whole body apart from the right arm.
triclinium the room and the sofas where Romans reclined while they ate.
tunic an item of clothing, usually sleeveless, that reached down to the knees.
Visigoths the Central European tribe that established a kingdom in Hispania from the 6th century AD, which lasted over 200 years.
patrician Minority of aristocratic families citizens of Rome that controlled the government. They made laws, exercised justice and monopolised public positions.
plebeian numerous citizen of Rome, peasants, traders, artisians with NO political rights, paid taxes and had to join the army.
freedmen ex-slaves who had won, bought or been given their freedom. Many people were slaves.
emperor the ruler who had total authority over the Roman Empire.
Senate (300). They ratified the laws passed in the assemblies, directed foreign policy and finences and advised the magistrates.
Republic (from 6th to 1st century, government by the institutions of Senate, Magistrates and assemblies. Women, poor citizens and foreigners and slaves did NOT have political rigths.
assembly political institution made up of Roman citizens, which made laws and elected public officials (more an oligarchy than a democracy).
magistrate members controlled by the Senate (superiors: consuls, praetors, censors) (inferior: aediles, quaestors, plebeian tribune)
Luperca (Capitoline wolf) name of the she-wolf that nursed and saved Romulus and Remus
Romulus the first king of Rome (legendary origin of Rome)
SPQR Senate and People of Rome (government of the Republic)
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