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Fruit & Veg

Classify fruit. Citrus, Berry, Hard, Stone, Dried, Others
Name some citrus fruit? Oranges, Satsumas, Clementines, Lemons, Limes
Name some berry fruits? Strawberries, Cranberries, Blackberries, Blueberries
Name some hard fruit? Apples, Pears
Name some stone fruit? Plums, Peaches, Cherries, Nectarines, Avacados
Name some dried fruit? Raisins, Sultanas, Dates, Prunes
What vitamin does fruit lack? Fat
Classify Vegetables. Green, Flower, Root, Tuber, Bulb, Fruit, Stem, Pulse, Fungi
Name some green vegetables? Spinach, Cabbage, Kale, Brussel sprouts
Name some flower veg? Broccoli, Cauliflower, Artichoke
Name some root veg? Beetroot, Carrot, Parsnip, Celeriac
Name some tuber veg? Potato, Sweet potato, Radish
Name some bulb veg? White onion, Red onion, Leek, Garlic
Name some fruit veg? Pepper, Chili, Courgette, Tomatoe
Name some stem veg? Celery, Asparagus
Name some pulses? Peas, Beans, Lentils
Name some fungi veg? Mushroom, Truffles
What nutrient does veg lack? Fat
Where should you buy fruit & veg? From a retailer that has a strict food hygiene and safety policy
What size fruit and veg should you buy? Medium, holds the most flavour
When should you buy certain fruit? In season
Where should you store fruit and veg? In a cool, dry, dark place
What should you do with fruit and veg in packets? Remove them from plastic to allow air circulation
When should you prepare fruit and veg? Close to serving/ cooking
What should you avoid? Soaking them in water
Name some culinary uses of fruit? Drinks, Baking, Desserts, Sauces
Name some culinary uses of veg? Soups, Salads, Savoury dishes
How should you eat fruit and veg? Raw if possible, most nutrients
What does dry heat do to fruit and veg? Causes starch grains to swell, burst and become soft.
What does moist heat do to fruit and veg? Causes starch cells to burst, absorb liquid = softer
What vitamin is lost in cooking? Vitamin C
What is destroyed in cooking? Microorganisms and enzymes
How can you process fruit and veg? Freezing, Canning, Drying, Irradation
What is the effect of freezing ? Colour/Texture and flavour change, Vitamin B&C lost
What fruit and veg can you freeze? Peas, Berries
What is the effect of canning? Microorganisims, enzymes destroyed, colour/texture/flavour change, calories/fat/sugar increase
What fruit and veg can you can? Kidney beans, Tomatoes, Strawberries
What is the effects of drying? The same as freezing
What can you dry? Lentils, Raisins, Banana chips
What is the effects of irradation? No effect on colour/texture/flavour, Slows down rippening, Extends shelf life
What can you irradate? Onions, Potatoes, Rhubarb
What classes of fruit and veg is there? Class Extra, Class I, Class II
Created by: SarahBonner
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