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Security + CompTIA

Domain 4 Identity and Access Management

Authentication Factors Something you are, something you have, something you know, somewhere you are, something you do
Physical Access Controls biometrics, fingerprints, iris scans
Identification presenting credentials or keys
TOTP algorithm that relies on shared secret and moving factor or counter (Time-based One Time Password)
HOTP algorithm specifies an event-based OTP algorithm, where the moving factor is an event counter. The present work bases the moving factor on a time value. A time-based variant of the OTP algorithm provides short-lived OTP values
Username & Password most common form of authentication
Password Lockout prevents brute-force attacks
Federation System accounts in one area can be granted access rights to any other resource, whether local or remote within the domains
Radius provides authentication and authorization functions in addition to network access accounting functions - does not provide access control
KERBEROS supports mutual authentication, protecting against man-in-the-middle attacks
PAP Password Authentication Protocol - weak authentication - strongly discouraged
OAUTH provides authorization services, does not provide authentication such as Open ID and SAML
SAML - Security Assertion Markup Language an open standard for exchanging authentication and authorization data between parties, in particular, between an identity provider and a service provider.
IdP source of username and password authenticates. SP provides service to user
Access Controls these include MAC, DAC, ABAC, RBAC
CAC & PIV Cards provide smar card functions for identity and authentication
Disabled, not deleted employees that leave should have their accounts _______________
True T/F Generic accounts used by multiple users should be prohibited - IE "Managers"
Role Based or Role/Group Based logical controls managing users
TLS Technology using port 636 LDAP traffic can be made confidential and secure through:
Popular Standardized Tests sets




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