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KS Ch.2 SG

KS Ch.2 Study Guide

Adaptation Change in behavior in response to new or modified surroundings; changing to survive.
Artifact Something made or used by people from the past.
Barter To trade one thing for another without the exchange of money.
Domesticate To train or adapt (an animal or plant) to be of use to humans.
Infer To imply; to indicate or suggest without being directly stated.
Nomadic Having no fixed home and moving according to the seasons from place to place in search of food, water and grazing land.
Nomadic Tribes Had no fixed home, followed bison herds, lived in tipis, gathered wild plants.
Sedentery Tribes Stayed in one place, had permenant homes, cultivated food, some hunted, mostly traded for bison.
Kansa Theory The tribe believes that the Great Spirit created a man and woman and placed them on an island. As their family grew, the children were pushed into the ocean. They prayed to the GS and he sent animals to help build onto the island, creating a continent.
Traditional Science/Land Bridge Theory Big game hunters from Asia were able to walk across the Bering Strait on a land bridge.
New Science/K-Man Theory Pacific Islanders traveled in animal skin boats to North America.
What caused Native American civilizations to begin? Farming led to surplus, surplus led to specialization, specialization led to civilization.
What advantages did the horse bring to native peoples on the plains? Helping with hunting and carrying supplies.
Which technologies helped the native population grow in Kansas? pottery vessels, bow & arrow, cultivation of crops.
What evidence do we have that shows people starting living in permenant villages? homes covered in grass, plastered in clay and cultivated gardens.
Needs bison provided to Plains Indians: food, shelter, clothing, tools.
Parfleche an article, like a bag, made from untanned animal hide.
Oral Tradition the spoken preservation, from one generation to the next, of a people's cultural ancestry, often by a story teller in narrative form.
Travois A frame hung between trailing poles and pulled by a dog or horse.
Relative Dating In archaeology, the arrangement of artifacts or events in a sequence relative to one another.
Created by: WeberAE