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Know these terms and you will pass STAAR

Columbian Exchange Exchange of goods between Europe and the Americas and Africa. Also traded diseases, animals, corn. SLAVE TRADE
Magna Carta English document 1215 First time in history to limit the king’s power gives a little bit to the people. King could not impose new taxes without consent. ex trial by Jury( limited the king) found in our 6th and 7th amendments
English Bill of Rights Guaranteed that Englishmen had certain rights. Freedom of speech in Parliament trial by jury
Puritans Protestants who, during the 1600s, wanted to reform the Anglican Church. Wanted to purify the Church of England. settled in Massachusetts bay colony
Quakers Believed that every individual had an “inner light” that could guide him/her to salvation. Settled in Pennsylvania First to end slavery
Federalist Papers A series of 85 essays Sought to convince Americans that the new nation would not last if the proposed Constitution were not adopted
Anti-Federalist Writings Opposed the ratification of the new government Believed the new government would be too strong and tyrannical
Declaration of Independence Issued on July 4, 1776 Explained the reasons why the colonists sought independence from Great Britain Thomas Jefferson wrote it
Mayflower Compact Written in 1620—first form of self govt Provided law and order to the Plymouth Colony
1607 Jamestown colony was established 1st established permanent English settlement
Articles of Confederation First form of government(First Constitution) that the U.S. had. Made sure central government had enough power. Most of the power belonged to the states.
U.S. Constitution Established the basic structure of our government Government based on popular sovereignty “We the people”: power rests with the people who elect their representatives
Bill of Rights First 10 Amendments Added to the Constitution in 1791 People’s protection from the government
First Amendment Guarantees: Freedom of religion Freedom of speech Freedom of the press Right to assemble Right to petition the government
2nd Amendment Guarantees our right to bear arms Allows citizens to own guns
3rd Amendment Prohibits government from quartering troops in our homes without consent
4th Amendment Prevents police from conducting “unreasonable searches and seizures” Unless a specific exception applies, police need a search warrant before they can conduct a search
5th Amendment Individuals cannot be tried twice for the same crime Individuals cannot be forced to incriminate themselves
6th Amendment Guarantees those accused of a crime a fair and public trial by a jury in a criminal court Guarantees the assistance of a lawyer
7th Amendment Guarantees the right to a trial by a jury in civil disputes
8th Amendment Prevents judges from setting bail that is to high Prevents judges from inflicting cruel and unusual punishments
9th Amendment States Constitution lists specific individual rights, but also that citizens hold other rights no specified in the Constitution
10th Amendment Reserves powers not granted to the Federal Government belong to the State Government and the people. This is Federalism
Created by: will.seger
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