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World Power

Alaska Important natural resources were fur trade, fishing, timber, and gold. Became the 49 the state.
Hawaii Became the 50 the state.
Annex when a larger country protects and supports a smaller country in exchange for their cooperation.
Yellow journalism false or exaggerated reporting in the news.
Imperialism “Empire Building”: becoming a world power by adding territory and influence throughout the world.
USS Maine battleship sent by President William McKinley in 1898 to Cuba’s Havana harbor to protect the lives and property of Americans in Cuba.
Spanish-American War Congress declared war on Spain on April 25, 1898.
Theodore (Teddy) Roosevelt assistant secretary of the Navy left his job to organize a group of volunteer soldiers to fight. He became a national hero and later was elected President of the United States.
Rough Riders a group of cowboys, Native Americans, college athletes, and wealthy New Yorkers that fout in the Spanish-American War.
Buffalo Soldiers units of experienced African American soldiers who got their name from fighting against the Native Americans on the Great Plains.
San Juan Hill July 1, 1898-American troops defeated the Spanish troops at the Battle of San Juan Hill.
August 1898 The U.S. and Spain sign a treaty to end the Spanish-American War
Isthmus A narrow strip of land that connects two larger areas
Three Problems 1 1. United States had to get control of land for the Panama Canal Solution: backed by the U.S. Panama gained independence and agreed to let the U.S. build the canal
Three Problems 2 2. diseases such as malaria and yellow fever were in the hot wet areas of Panama Solution: areas of standing water were drained and the mosquito population went down, so did the cases of disease
Three Problems 3 3. mountains, swamps, and mud of Panama made it hard to dig the canal Solution: John Stevens brought in more workers and improved living conditions for them, built railroads and convinced Roosevelt to use a system of locks to raise and lower ships
Panama Canal opened on August 15, 1914. Used for shipping, 50 miles long. Ships could move from one end of the canal to the other in 9 hours instead of a two month trip
16th Amendment 1913 – started Income Tax – tax on money earned from work or investments. Money to be used to pay for reforms and other government projects
Conservation protecting something from being destroyed or used up
John Muir a naturalist and writer who had a great impact on conservation. Worked with Roosevelt to establish a national park system.
World War 1 from 1914-1919. Called the “war to end all wars”
Created by: 50056
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