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Topic 1-Geography

Geography The study of the human and nonhuman features of Earth.
Cardinal Direction North, South, East, West
Latitude Equator and other east-west lines
Longitude Prime Meridian and other north-south lines
Scale The area a given space on the map or globe represents to the real world
Equinox Point at which everywhere on Earth, days and nights are nearly equal in length
Solstice Point at which days are longest in one hemisphere and shortest in the other
Erosion Process in which water, ice, or wind remove small pieces of rock and move them somewhere else
Deposition Process of depositing, or dropping, eroded material
Plate tectonics Process involving huge blocks of Earth's crust and upper mantle
Fault Seam in Earth's crust
Weather The condition of the air and sky at a certain time and place
Climate The average weather of a place over many years
Biome Similar communities of plants and animals
Ecosystem group of plants and animals that depend on each other and their environment for survival
Water cycle The movement of water from the Earth's surface to the atmosphere and back again
Fossil Fuel An energy source formed from the remains of plants and animals buried millions of years ago
Deforestation Loss of forest cover in a region
Biodiversity The number of types of living things in a region or ecosystem
Culture The beliefs, customs, practices, and behaviors of a particular nation or group of people
Social Class A pattern of organized relationships among groups of people
Economics The study of how people meet their needs and wants
Supply and Demand Amount of a good or service available and the desire for a particular good or service
Producer Person or business that makes and sells good or services
Consumer Person or business that buys or consumes goods or services
Tariff Tax on imports or exports
Free trade international trade without restrictions
Developed country Country with a strong economy and a high quality of life
Developing country Country with a less productive economy and a lower quality of life
Domestic Relating to or found within a country
Foreign Coming from outside a country
Government A group of people who have the power to make and enforce laws for a country or area
Constitution A system of basic rules and principles by which a government is organized
Democracy A form of government in which citizens hold political power
Monarchy A form of government in which the state is ruled by a monarch
Authoritarian government A government in which all power is held by a single person or a small group
Citizen A legal member of a country
Naturalization The belief that all people in a nation are a distinct group, regardless of ethnicity or race
Timeline A line marked off with a series of events and dates
Prehistory The time before humans invented writing
Primary source Information that comes directly from a person who experienced an event
Secondary source Information about an event that does not come from a person who experienced that event
Archaeology The scientific study of ancient cultures through the examination of artifacts and other evidence
Anthropology The study of human kind in all aspects especially development and culture
Point of view A persons perspective on a person, thing, idea, or event
What is the difference between relative location and absolute? A relative location is the position of something relative to another landmark. An absolute location describes a fixed position that never changes, regardless of your current location.
What is the difference between weather and climate? Weather refers to short-term changes in the atmosphere, climate describes what the weather is like over a long period of time in a specific area.
How do supply and demand interact to determine prices for goods? The greater the demand, the higher the price. The lower the demand, the lower the price.
How are primary and secondary sources alike and different? Primary sources are first-hand accounts of a topic while secondary sources are any account of something that is not a primary source.
What are the different types of maps? There are two main types of maps - political maps and physical maps. Physical maps show the shape of the land. Political maps show how the land is used by people.
What are the 3 basic economic questions that all societies must answer? What goods and services should be produced? How should they be made? Who consumes these goods and services?
What are some examples of renewable and nonrenewable resources? Nonrenewable energy resources, like coal, nuclear, oil, and natural gas, are available in limited supplies. ... Renewable resources are replenished naturally and over relatively short periods of time.
What are the three most important factors that influence climate? Latitude, Altitude, Water -LAW
Created by: Mrs. Logan



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