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Unit 7 Vocabulary

Sub-Saharan Africa

Genocide The systematic killing of a racial or cultural group.
Human Rights The basic rights to which all people are entitled as human beings.
Oppression The exercise of authority or power in a burdensome, cruel, or unjust manner.
Scarcity Limited quantities of resources to meet unlimited wants.
Relative Scarcity An imbalance in the distribution of a resource rather than insufficiency of the total supply.
Apartheid A system of legal racial segregation enforced by the National Party government in South Africa between 1948 and 1994, under which the rights of the majority black inhabitants of South Africa were curtailed and minority rule by whites was maintained.
Ethnic Conflict A type of conflict that occurs when different tribes are lumped together to form a country.
Colonialism An attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles in another territory.
Imperialism The policy of extending the rule or authority of an empire or nation over foreign countries, or of acquiring and holding colonies and dependencies.
Missing Middle Initiative A program which provides capital (money) for small and medium sized businesses in Africa.
Desertification The process by which fertile land becomes desert, typically as a result of drought, deforestation, or inappropriate agriculture.
Refugee A person who has been forced to leave their country in order to escape war, persecution, or natural disaster.
Internally Displaced Person A person who has been forced to move within his or her country of origin because of persecution, armed conflict, or natural disasters.
Folktale A story that is usually passed down orally and becomes part of a community's tradition.
Harambee A policy of cooperation adopted in Kenya after independence to encourage economic growth. It literally means "all pull together" in Swahili.
Ethnicity A social group that shares a common and distinctive culture, religion, language, etc.
Prejudice Unreasonable feelings, opinions, or attitudes, especially of a hostile nature, regarding an ethnic, racial, social, or religious group.
Discrimination The unjust treatment of different categories of people or things, especially on the grounds of race, age, or sex.
Subsistence Farming Farming that provides for the basic needs of the farmer without surpluses for marketing.
Batik A fabric-dyeing method which uses wax to coat areas that don't need to be dyed.
Created by: knutsonp



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