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Chapter 7 - History

Rise of Greek Civilization

What was the first civilization to develop in Europe and the westernmost part of Asia? Greece
Where did Greek civilization begin? In an area dominated by mountains and seas
peninsula a piece of land nearly surrounded by water
bard someone who writes or performs epic poems or stories about heroes and their deeds
colony a group of people living in a new territory who have ties to their homeland; the new territory itself
agora a gathering place; marketplace in ancient Greece
phalanx a group of armed foot soldiers in ancient Greece arranged close together in rows
dominate to control or influence something or someone
community people with common interests living in a particular area; the area itself
conclude to reach an understanding; to make a decision
economic the system in a country that involves making, buying, and selling goods
decline to move toward a weaker condition
affect to influence; to cause a change
If you flew over Greece today what would you see? Rugged landscapes and beautiful seas
Where is the Greek mainland? On the southern part of Europe's Balkan Peninsula
What is far to the east of the Greek mainland and part of present day Turkey? Anatolia
What is the Aegean Sea part of? The larger Mediterranean Sea
How many islands are there in the Aegean Sea? Hundreds
What did the Greeks trade between the islands and along the areas coastlines? Goods and ideas
What do many Greeks do for a living? Fish and trade
Where did those Greeks that did not fish or trade settle? Farming Communities
What crops did Greek farmers grow? Wheat, barley, olives, and grapes.
What animals did Greeks raise? sheep and goats
What were inland Greek communities separated by? rugged mountains and deep valley
polis a Greek city-state
Greek myths desribe an early civilization that developed on Crete
On the mainland, the Greek civilization developed after the Dark Age, around 700 B.C.
Which of the following statements is true about city-states? In most city-states, only land-owning males could be citizens
What did Arthur Evans discover? a site on Crete called Knossos where Minos palace was
What was in Minos palace? Used to store oil, wine and grain. Other rooms were workshops where people made jewelry, vases and statues.
Created by: BakMSOA819