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The Progressive Era

History 1900-1920

QuestionAnswer
What does the Progressive Era mean? A time when many people were trying to make changes to improve the nation. These people are known as reformers.
In 1800, what percentage of people lived in cities? 5%
In 1900, what percentage of people lived in cities? 40%
How many European immigrants came to America during the Progressive Era? 26 million
When was the Progressive Era? 1900-1920
What are large (not family-owned) businesses called? corporations
What are stocks and where are they bought and sold? Stocks are individual pieces of companies that can be bought and sold on the stock market.
What was the name of the political party Theodore (Teddy) Roosevelt created when he ran for President in 1912? The Bull Moose Party
What were major changes in society that reformers were trying to make during this time? -Ending child labor -Women's right to vote -Improved health, sanitation, and living conditions for the poor.
What is socialism? Government control of businesses.
Where did immigrants live? In tenement apartments in poor neighborhoods known as ghettos or slums of large cities.
What is capitalism? Individual, private control of businesses.
Who were the muckrakers? Journalists, writers, and reporters who exposed problems in the cities so that more people would know about them and try to solve them.
What was the movement to give women the right to vote called? Women's Suffrage...the reformers were known as suffragettes.
What was Prohibition? The constitutional amendment making alcohol illegal in the United States from 1919-1933.
Two most important new industries during the Progressive Era: 1) Oil-used for heating then gasoline 2) Steel-used for buildings, railroad tracks, and bridges
Who were the oil and steel tycoons? 1) John D. Rockefeller 2) Andrew Carnegie
Created by: jonitsmith