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Chapter 8

Causes of the Civil War

TermDefinition
Sectionalism loyalty to a particular section of the country instead of the country as a whole.
Missouri Compromise An agreement that Missouri would enter the Union as a slave state and Maine would enter as a free state.
36* 30' line of latitude this line was part of the Missouri Compromise that marked the northern most point that slave states could settle.
Nullification Crisis John C. Calhoun spoke out against the Protective Tariff by encouraging South Carolinians to ignore (or nullify) the tax on imports.
Compromise fo 1850 California would enter the Union as a free state and the South was given a stronger fugitive slave law.
Fugitive Slave Law Residents in the North were instructed to return run away slaves or face a $1000 fine
Kansas-Nebraska Act Both Kansas and Nebraska wanted to enter the Union as territories which allowed popular sovereignty
Popular Sovereignty Popular Sovereignty allowed the people in the territory to CHOOSE if they wanted the territory to be free or slave
Bleeding Kansas Both abolitionists and pro slave groups moved into Kansas causing a great deal of violence between the two groups.
Why did SC care about the Kansas-Nebraska Act? SC was always concerned about the equal number of free states and slave states in Congress.
Dred Scott He was a slave who petitioned the Supreme Court for his freedom. The court denied him his freedom and stated that slaves are property - not citizens, so they do not have the right to petition the court.
Dred Scott Supreme Court decision this court decision angered the northern states and increased tension between the North and the South
Election of 1860 REPUBLICAN candidate Abraham Lincoln was elected as president. SC was fearful that Lincoln would allow slavery to be abolished and reacted by becoming the first state to secede from the Union
Secession the act of separating from the Union to form an independent country
Brookes - Sumner affair Senator Charles Sumner insulted SC Senator Andrew Butler about the violence taking place in Kansas, then Butler's nephew, Preston Books, severely attacked Sumer with a cane on the Senate floor.
Frederick Douglas a former slave who became an abolitionist and helped the cause by publishing an abolitionist newspaper and his autobiography.
Grimke Sisters Two SC sisters who grew up on a slave holding plantation, but later moved to the North to write and speak against slavery.
Harriet Beecher Stowe a white woman who helped the abolitionists movement by writing a novel, UNCLE TOMS CABIN , which stirred a great deal of anger among abolitionists.
John Brown a white man who led a band of men on a raid on a federal arsenal to take and distribute guns in order to start a slave rebellion
Harriet Tubman a brave woman who escaped to the North and returned to the South multiple times to rescue over 750 slaves through the Underground Railroad.
John C. Calhoun a SC War Hawk who strongly believed in state's rights
Nationalism a strong feeling of pride in one's country.
Antebellumm the time before the Civil War
Denmark Vesey Plot an attempt by Denmark Vesey to start a slave rebellion in Charleston.
The Tariff of Abominations The Protective Tariff that charged high taxes on imported goods which the South hated.
Created by: Mrs. Limbaugh
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