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7 Principles

TermDefinition
federalism all government power is divided or shared between the federal and state governments
republicanism belief that citizens vote to elect representatives to make decisions on their behalf
popular sovereignty belief that the people have the final authority in the government; people power
separation of powers the division of government power into 3 distinct branches
checks and balances powers that each branch has over the other branches so that one never gets too powerful
limited government the power of the government is restricted or limited to protect the people's rights
individual rights the basic rights of the people that cannot be taken away by the government
republicanism EX: Citizens elect senators to serve in Washington, D.C.
federalism EX: the national government conducts foreign policy
limited government EX: the constitution outlines our plan of government and restricts its powers
popular sovereignty EX: "We the people...do ordain and establish this Constitution."
checks and balances EX: Congress may impeach judges and the president
separation of powers EX: the judicial branch interprets the law
checks and balances EX: The president can pardon persons convicted of a crime
federalism EX: State governments have the power to pass marriage laws within their states
checks and balances EX: The court can declare laws unconstitutional (judicial review)
separation of powers EX: The executive branch has the responsibility to carry out the law
popular sovereignty EX: Government is by the consent of the governed
checks and balances EX: The president appoints federal judges
federalism EX: Only the federal government can coin money
checks and balances EX: More than 900 state laws have been struck down by the courts
limited government EX: Government officials are never above the law
checks and balances EX: Congress can override a presidential veto by 2/3 vote in each house
republicanism EX: Congressmen should keep in mind the interests of their constituents (voters)
federalism EX: Both the federal and state governments have the power to tax citizens
popular sovereignty EX: All power flows from the people
separation of powers EX: The legislative branch makes the laws
Created by: alysager
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