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Ch. 7

A More Perfect Union

QuestionAnswer
amendment A change or addition to the Constitution
antifederalist A person who opposed the adoption of the United States Constitution.
Articles of Confederation 1st Constitution of the U.S. 1781-1788 (weaknesses-no executive
bicameral A legislature consisting of two parts or houses
checks and balances A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power.
compromise a settlement of differences in which each side gives up something.
constitution a formal written plan of government
depreciate to fall in value
depression a time of economic failure
electoral college A group of people named by each state legislature to select the president and vice president
executive branch the branch of government that carries out laws
federalism a form of government in which power is divided between the federal
federalist Supporters of the Constitution that believed the national government should be strong. They didn't want the Bill of Rights because they felt citizens' rights were already well protected by the Constitution.
legislative branch makes the laws
Judicial Branch branch of the government led by the Supreme Court
New Jersey Plan suggested a one house in the legislature
Roger Sherman suggested the Great Compromise
The Great Compromise Compromise made by Constitutional Convention in which states would have equal representation in one house of the legislature and representation based on population in the other house
Virginia Plan Virginia delegate James Madison's plan of government
Three-Fifths Compromise Compromise between northern and southern states at the Constitutional Convention that three-fifths of the slave population would be counted for determining direct taxation and representation in the House of Representatives.
Baron de Montesquieu believed government should have separation of powers for balance
Legislative Branch branch of the government led by congress
republic government in which citizens rule through elected officials but with limits on powers of the majority.
Executive Branch branch of the government led by the president
ordinance a law or regulation
ratify to approve
The Ordinance of 1785 law that set rules for surveying and selling land in the Northwest Territory, also included the first clause to attempt to stop the spread of slavery in the US
The United States Constitution the plan of government for the United States, which also included a Bill of Rights
Northwest Ordinance Established a system for setting up governments in the western territories so they could eventually join the Union on an equal footing with the original 13 states
Shay's Rebellion Armed uprising of western Massachusetts debtors seeking lower taxes and an end to property foreclosures. Demonstrated that the national government was ineffective and resulting in the Constitutional Convention.
Bill of Rights The first ten amendments to the Constitution
Treaty of Paris 1783 This treaty ended the Revolutionary War
Constitutional Convention The meeting of state delegates in 1787 in Philadelphia called to revise the Articles of Confederation. It instead designed a new plan of government
bicameral legislature a lawmaking body made up of two chambers or parts
Framers of the Constitution the men who wrote the US Constitution
Created by: MsFrankRL
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