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History: E.C.Ireland

What is a monastery? A monastery is a closed, religious community usually made up of monks
The celts
They were pagan. Whic
A pagan is someone who worships various gods, often with a focus on nature or the earth
Druids were spiritual, pagan figures similar to priests in Pre-Christian Celtic Ireland.
They were farmers and warriors who had come from Central Europe and their beliefs were pagan.
Around the 3rd AD
It was Palladius and he came to Ireland in AD 431
St Patrick was brought as a slave from wales to Ireland when he was 16 years old. After 6 years in Ireland he escaped to Britain, but then later came back as a bishop to spread Christianity to Ireland. He worked in Ireland, converting people from AD 432 -
St Enda in around AD 500
Inis Mór, is found in the Aran Islands
What is a monk? Monks are men who dedicate themselves to a religious order and to life in a monastery.
Strict, simple lives
What type of lives did monks live?
Is a book written by hand
St Patrick’s confessio is his book, where he documented his founding of churches and missions
What is St Patrick’s confessio?
He claimed he ‘captised thousands’ and ‘Ordained clerics everywhere’
Lots of pagan festivals overtime absorbed into Christianity. Samhain (pagan) became Hallowe’en.
Scribe, stonemason, farmer and metalworker.
Self sufficient.
Self sufficient means to produce all your own food.
The land of Saints and scholars
Nearby towns
Scribes worked in the scriptorium, where they copied manuscripts
Farmers worked in the fields, where they did ploughing, milking, harvesting and grinding corn
Teaching poetry, literature, arts and gospel.
They made detailed, objects made out of metal, usually made with silver and decorated with gold
Small, stone huts shaped like beehives.
Monks slept in beehive huts. In smaller monasteries like Sceilg Mhicil Co. Kerry (steep rocky island with a stone church)
The isolation meant they could focus more on God and their work
The abbot
Eat, usually in silence
Prayed, 6-8 times a day
A bell tower and a safe place if under attack
They contained the gospels and psalms
They were written in Latin, by the use of parchment (sheep and calf skin) and quills
Cathach of St. Columba - 6th century (oldest) Book of kells (AD 800) Book of Durrow (AD650- 700 )
Gold and amber
Ardagh chalice- 8th century Derrynaflan Chalice- 9th century
A high stone cross is a freestanding stone cross, usually with elaborate carvings showing scenes from the bible
Cross of the scriptures - Clonmacnoise, Co. Offaly (late 10th century) Muiredachs cross -Monasterboice, Co. Louth (mid 9th to 10th century)
Modern day Scandinavia, which is Denmark, Norway and Sweden
They were farmers and fishermen with superb shipbuilding and navigation skills.
Voyage to many countries- including Ireland
They would sail away from their land and let a raven fly to the nearest land and they would follow it.
They were capable of crossing stormy seas, but also able to sail up a river with how shallow the boats were.
The danish harbour of roskilde, and they used carbon 14 dating and dendrochronology to find the wood originated from Glendalough, felled in AD 1042.
AD 795
Camps by the water used as a base for raids
Dublin, Wexford, limerick and Waterford
Created by: KMcBride007



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