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Modern - Iran

QuestionAnswer
What country in Middle East Asia is enemies with Iran? Saudi Arabia
What are the two main Islamic religions and in which countries are these religions found? Sunni (in Saudi Arabia) and Shi'ite (in Iran).
What was the Sykes-Picot agreement? A secret agreement between Britain and France in 1916.
Is the religion Shi'ite an overall majority or minority? This religion is an overall minority world-wide. About 15% of Muslims world wide are Shi'ite.
What/who are the Shi'ite people governed by? They are governed by hierachical structures and follow living religious leaders (e.g. Ayatollah in Iran).
What is a Shah? The Persian word for King.
When major event occurred in 1979 and who was the leader? The Iranian (or Islamic) Revolution which was led by Ayatollah Khomeini.
What was Iran most known for? OIL!!!!!!!!
What was the Shah's rule of Iran like? Very authoritarian, although he supported women's rights and was receptive to Western policy ideas.
When did the Qajar Dynasty rule over Iran? From 1789 to 1925.
When and how did Reza Khan (Reza Shah Phalavi) become Shah? In 1921, Reza Khan named himself Shah of Persia after staging a coup against the government of Sultan Ahmad (the last Qajar ruler).
What aspects of life did Reza Khan modernise? Education, medicine and hygiene, the Judiciary (modelled along French lines) and women no longer had to wear the niqab & gown.
What was Iran's role in WWII? Iran declared itself neutral, although the USSR were worried that Iran would side with America.
Who secretly agreed to invade & occupy Iran and to depose the Shah? Winston Churchill and Stalin.
Who was the first Shah and who was the second Shah? Reza Khan was the father and was forced into exile, and Mohummed Reza Phalavi was his son and the second Shah.
What and when were the Tudeh Party founded? AKA the Communist Party, the Tudeh Party was founded on the 29th of September, 1941.
What were sone policies of the Tudeh Party? Strongly advocating for women's rights, social rights for represed minorities and improvement in the living and working conditions.
After Mohammed Reza Shah's almost assassination, what happened to the Tudeh Party? The Tudeh Party reorganised underground, and organised its' supporters into a new organisation: the Iran Society of Peace.
Who were the AIOC and what did they do? The Anglo-Iranian Oil Company exported millions of barrels of oil from Iran and made huge profits. Iran received little benefits from this agreement.
Which Party did Muhummed Mossadeq found? Muhummed Mossadeq founded the National Front, a broad coalition that included both middle class moderates and activists from the Tudeh Party (after they had been banned).
What occurred on the 15th of March, 1951? The Majlis voted to nationalise the oil industry. After Mossadeq become Prime Minister in May, 1951, he announced plans to take control of all oil infrastructure from Britain.
Who were the Majlis? The Majlis were the Iranian Parliament. It is the Persian word for 'council'.
What was Operation AJAX and when did it occur? Operation AJAX was an Iranian coup d'etat that occured in 1953. It was the overthrow of the democratically elected Prime Minister Mohammad Mossadeq in favour of strengthening the monarchical rule of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.
Which countries organised Operation AJAX (the coup d'etat)? The coup d'etat was orchestrated by the United Kingdom and the United States.
Created by: T Greenfield
 

 



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