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Regulations and Acts

QuestionAnswer
It designated the Governor of Bengal (Fort William) as the Governor-General (of Bengal) Regulating Act of 1773
It subordinated the Governors of Bombay and Madras to the Governor-General of Bengal Regulating Act of 1773
The Supreme Court was established at Fort William (Calcutta) as the Apex Court in 1774 Regulating Act of 1773
Distinguished between commercial and political functions of the company Pitt’s India Act of 1784
Court of Directors for Commercial functions and Board of Control for political affairs Pitt’s India Act of 1784
The companies territories in India were called “the British possession in India” Pitt’s India Act of 1784
The Company’s monopoly over Indian trade terminated; Trade with India open to all British subjects Charter Act of 1813
Governor-General (of Bengal) became the Governor-General of India Charter Act of 1833
Beginning of a Central legislature for India as the act also took away legislative powers of Bombay and Madras provinces Charter Act of 1833
The Act ended the activities of the East India Company as a commercial body and it became a purely administrative body Charter Act of 1833
The legislative and executive functions of the Governor-General’s Council were separated Charter Act of 1853
Indian Civil Service opened for all Charter Act of 1853
The powers of the British Crown were to be exercised by the Secretary of State for India Government of India Act of 1858
Abolished Board of Control and Court of Directors Government of India Act of 1858
Introduced indirect elections (nomination) Indian Councils Act of 1892
This Act is also known as the Morley-Minto Reforms Indian Councils Act of 1909
Direct elections to legislative councils; first attempt at introducing a representative and popular element Indian Councils Act of 1909
The member of Central Legislative Council was increased to 60 from 16 Indian Councils Act of 1909
Introduced a system of communal representation for Muslims by accepting the concept of ‘separate electorate’ Indian Councils Act of 1909
Indians for the first time in Viceroys executive council. (Satyendra Prasad Sinha, as the law member) Indian Councils Act of 1909
This Act is also known as the Montague-Chelmsford Reforms Government of India Act of 1919
The Central subjects were demarcated and separated from those of the Provincial subjects Government of India Act of 1919
The scheme of dual governance, ‘Dyarchy’, was introduced in the Provincial subjects Government of India Act of 1919
The Act introduced, for the first time, bicameralism at center (Legislative Assembly with 140 members and Legislative council with 60 members) Government of India Act of 1919
The Act also required that the three of the six members of the Viceroy’s Executive Council (other than Commander-in-Chief) were to be Indians Government of India Act of 1919
Provided for the establishment of Public Service Commission Government of India Act of 1919
The Act provided for the establishment of an All-India Federation consisting of the Provinces and the Princely States as units Government of India Act of 1935
The Act divided the powers between the Centre and the units into items of three lists, namely the Federal List, the Provincial List and the Concurrent List Government of India Act of 1935
The Act abolished the Dyarchy in the Provinces and introduced ‘Provincial Autonomy’ Government of India Act of 1935
It provided for the adoption of Dyarchy at the Centre Government of India Act of 1935
Provided for the establishment of Federal Court. Government of India Act of 1935
Abolished the Council of India Government of India Act of 1935
Sanctioned a sum of Rs. 1 lakh towards the education of Indians Charter Act of 1813
Created by: nwdakhter