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Ch. 2

Enlightenment movement that spread the idea that reason and science could improve society
monarch king or queen
legislature a group of people that make laws
precedent a ruling that is used as the basis for a judicial decision in a later, similar case
common law a system of law based on precedent and customs
natural rights freedoms people posses relating to life, liberty, and property
social contract an agreement among people in a society with a government
colony a group of people in one place who are ruled by a parent country elsewhere
joint-stock company investors provide partial ownership in a company organized for profit
charter a written document granting land and the authority to set up colonial governments; or a government document granting permission to organize a corporation
compact an agreement, or contract, among a group of people
proprietary colony area with owner-controlled land and government
royal colony a colonial area of land controlled directly by a king or other monarch
religious dissenters those who followed a religious faith other than the official religion of England
puritans religious dissenter who came to the colonies to purify, or reform, the Anglican Church
pilgrims colonial puritans who considered themselves people on a religious journey
toleration acceptance of other groups, such as religion groups
indentured servant workers who contracted with american colonist for food and shelter in return for there labor
plantation a large estate
triangular trade pattern of trade that developed in colonial times among Americas, Africa, and Europe
tidewater areas of low, flat plains near the seacoast of Virginia and North Carolina
egalitarianism the philosophy or spirit of equality
merciantilism the theory that a country should sell more goods to other countries than it buys
boycott the refusal to purchase certain goods
repeal to cancel a law
delegation a representative to a meeting
independence self-reliance and freedom from outside control
Created by: JonathanQuick1