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correlational study allow researchers to determine if there is a relationship between two variables
myelin sheath covering of axon
weber's law relationship between stimuli and sensation
lens accommodation the process by which the vertebrate eye changes optical power to maintain a clear image or focus on an object as its distance varies
action potential the change in electrical potential associated with the passage of an impulse along the membrane of a muscle cell or nerve cell
aphasia loss of ability to express speech
availability heuristic estimates the likelihood of events based on their availability in memory
brocas area moves the muscles to create speech
peripheral nervous system includes the nerves outside the brain and spinal cord that connects the central nervous system to the rest of the body
synapse very small gaps where neurotransmitters from the terminal buttons and released
absolute threshold our lowest levels of awareness of faint stimuli with no competing stimuli present
encoding taking stimuli fro m the environment and converting it into a form or construct that the brain can understand and use
episodic memory the stories of our lives and experiences that we can recall and tell to someone else
just noticeable difference smallest amount two stimuli had to differ for us to be able to tell them apart
retinal disparity the difference between the images the eyes perceive because of their slightly different perspectives or angles
corpus callosum a bundle of nerve fibers that connects the two hemispheres
heuristic "rules of thumb"
deductive reasoning an approach to logical thinking that begins with a general idea, such as a hypothesis, and then develops a specific evidence to support or refute it
monocular cue depth perception that cues only one eye
excitatory neurotransmitter when chemicals are released from the terminal buttons, they excite connecting neurons and cause them to fire
figure ground the figure is what is focused on and the ground is the blurry background which is likely ignored
explicit memory past knowledge that is consciously brought to mind
availability heuristic estimates the likelihood of events based on their availability in memory, is another problematic heuristic
encoding specificity principal general principal that matching the encoding contexts of information at recall assists in the retrieval of episodic memories
information processing model receive information
Elizabeth loftus studied memory and how it can have inaccurate attributions
mnemonic device to assist in remembering things
George miller "seven plus or minus two"
Created by: haleyrohn_



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