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Social 10-1 Final

Social 10-1 Final Exam Flashcards

Assimilation To absorb a minority group into a dominating society
Collective A group that shares or are motivated by at least one common interest, or work together to achieve a common goal
Digital Divide The gulf between those who have ready access to computers and the internet and those who do not
Cultural Revitalization Measures taken to "give new life" to a culture or to rediscover it - to heighten awareness, promote the importance or identity of a culture that lost its prominence due to outside circumstances
Acculturation To take on the cultural traits or social patterns of another culture
Social Globalization Refers to globalization affecting culture and identity
Homogenization To make uniform or similar through assimilation or adoption
Accomodation To make room for or to allow room for
Charter of Rights and Freedoms Protects a number of rights and freedoms, including freedom of expression and the right to equality. It forms a part of the Canadian Constitution.
Integration The blending together of racial, religious, or ethnic groups
Relationship to Land Refers to how humans interact with their natural environments - can be based upon interdependence and spirituality
Role Modeling Occurs when any person serves as an example to others
Trans-national / multi-national corporations Companies operating in two or more countries
Pluralistic society A society that is made up of different groups (multiculturalism
Secularism To remove religion from government
Globalization A process that is making the world's citizens increasingly interdependent
Hybridization The "fusion" of different cultures/languages together into a "new universal culture," a true "global community"
Political Globalization Refers to globalization affecting government decision making
Marginalization To place into a position of lesser importance
Traditions The elements of culture and thought or behaviour followed by a people continuously from generation to generation
Attire Another name for clothing or physical adornment- styles differ from culture to culture
Religion A specific fundamental set of beliefs and policies - the spiritual practices of people that move beyond national and cultural borders
Cultural Content Legislation Laws put into place to protect and preserve the culture of a society
Universalization of pop culture The idea that a popular culture has emerged world wide that goes beyond national borders
Consolidation the action or process of making something stronger or more solid
Language The body of words and system of their use exercised by a cultural group
Economic globalization Refers to the exchange of goods/ managing of resources that occurs on a global scale
Linguistic Revitalization To rediscover or give new life to a language
Ideological Beliefs Patterns of thinking based on a certain set of beliefs
Language Laws Laws put into place to protect and preserve a language ex: Quebec Bill 101 "french only signage"
Diversification To give variety to or to be exposed to a number of different influences
Spirituality Pertaining to sacred things or matters; religious, devotional, sacred
The Arts Referring to the creative side of human affairs, unique to the culture which inspires or creates them
Linguistic Rights The rights involving those who speak a particular language and can involve measures taken to protect and preserve the language
Affirmation of Identity To take pride in who you are
Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) -Publicly funded -purpose is to promote Canadian perspectives on culture -Hopes to maintain Canadian identity by promoting Canadian Content
Profit A financial gain, especially the difference between the amount earned and the amount spent in buying, operating, or producing something.
economic freedom The ability of people of a society to take economic actions.
Personal Responsibility Taking responsibility for your actions
Consumerism The protection or promotion of the interests of consumers.
Prejudice Preconceived opinion that is not based on reason or actual experience.
Discrimination The unjust or prejudicial treatment of different categories of people or things, especially on the grounds of race, age, or sex.
Internalization Make (Attitudes/behaviour) part of one nature by learning or unconscious assimilation
Socialization The activity of mixing socially with others
Self-fulfilling prophesy A prediction that causes itself to be true due to behaviour
Scapegoating A person who is blamed for the wrong doings, mistakes or faults of others, especially for reasons of expediency
Rights What you are entitled to
Privileges A special right, advantage, or immunity granted or available only to a particular person or group.
World View A combination of events that shapes how you view the world
Contemporary following modern ideas
Ethnocentrism The belief that ones culture/way of life is superior
Eurocentrism The belief that European culture/way of life is superior
Depopulation a reduction in a human population caused by events such as long-term demographic trends, as in sub-replacement fertility, emigration, for example as a result of economic recession, etc
Genocide The extermination or attempted extermination of people of a specific culture, race or religion.
Social Responsibilities suggests that an entity, be it an organization or individual, has an obligation to act for the benefit of society at large
Global Citizenship someone who is aware of and understands the wider world - and their place in it.
Colonial Rule the relationship of domination of indigenous by foreign invaders where the latter rule in pursuit of their interests.
Post Colonialism the political or cultural condition of a former colony.
Imperialism a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force.
Capitalism An economic system designed to increase the wealth of individuals
Cultural Contact contact between peoples with different cultures, usually leading to change in both systems
Colony a country or area under the full or partial political control of another country, typically a distant one, and occupied by settlers from that country.
Protectorate a state that is controlled and protected by another.
Sphere of Influence a region or concept division over which a state has a level of cultural, economic, military, or political authority
Mercantilism A system of government-sponsored international business ventures designed to make European monarchs rich
Industrialization Refers to the shift in the production of goods from peoples homes to factories
International Trade the exchange of capital, goods, and services across international borders or territories.
Industrial Revolution The major changes in society that were caused by industrialization: -Rapid growth of "Factory cities" -rapid change in technology -social changes in Europe; Political, economic, social
primary source an original document or other material that has not been changed in any way. It is a reliable first-hand account usually written at or near the time the event(s) occurred.
media the main means of mass communication (broadcasting, publishing, and the Internet) regarded collectively.
Perspective a particular attitude toward or way of regarding something; a point of view.
Bias prejudice in favour of or against one thing, person, or group compared with another, usually in a way considered to be unfair.
Point of View a particular attitude or way of considering a matter.
Pluralism a condition or system in which two or more states, groups, principles, sources of authority, etc., coexist.
Democracy a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives.
Urbanization refers to the population shift from rural areas to urban areas, the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas, and the ways in which each society adapts to this change.
NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement) an agreement signed by Canada, Mexico, and the United States, creating a trilateral trade bloc in North America.
CRTC (Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission) a public organization in Canada with mandate as a regulatory agency for broadcasting and telecommunications
Government the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state
Oka Crisis a land dispute between a group of Mohawk people and the town of Oka, Quebec, Canada. The dispute was the first well-publicized violent conflict between First Nations and the Canadian government in the late 20th century.
Holocaust the World War II genocide of the European Jews.
Residential School System A network of boarding schools for Indigenous peoples. Funded by the Canadian government and administered by Christian churches. Created for the purpose of assimilating Indigenous children into Canadian culture.
Sterotype an over-generalized belief about a particular category of people. It is an expectation that people might have about every person of a particular group.
F. A. Hayek an Austrian-British economist and philosopher best known for his defence of classical liberalism.
Adam Smith a Scottish economist, philosopher and author also known as ''The Father of Economics'' or ''The Father of Capitalism''.
John Maynard Keynes a British economist, whose ideas fundamentally changed the theory and practice of macroeconomics and the economic policies of governments.
Bretton Woods Conference formally known as the United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference, was the gathering of delegates from all 44 Allied countries to regulate the international monetary and financial order after the conclusion of World War II.
Milton Friedman an American economist who received the 1976 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for his research on consumption analysis, monetary history and theory and the complexity of stabilization policy.
IMF (International Monetary Fund) an international organization consisting of 189 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, monitor international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth and reduce poverty around the world.
World Bank an international financial institution that provides loans and grants to the governments of poorer countries for the purpose of pursuing capital projects
Floating Exchange a type of exchange rate regime in which a currency's value is allowed to fluctuate in response to foreign exchange market events.
GATT (General Agreement on Trades and Tariffs) a legal agreement between many countries, whose overall purpose was to promote international trade by reducing or eliminating trade barriers such as tariffs or quotas.
WTO (World Trade Organization) an intergovernmental organization that is concerned with the regulation of international trade between nations.
G8 (Group of Eight) an inter-governmental political forum from 1997 until 2014. It had formed from the Group of Seven after excluding the country of Russia, and resumed operating under that name after Russia was disinvited in 2014.
CIDA (Canadian International Development Agency) a federal Canadian organization that administered foreign aid programs in developing countries.
Tariffs a tax on imports or exports between sovereign states.
Competition when at least two parties strive for a goal which cannot be shared: where one's gain is the other's loss. It is a rivalry between two or more individuals/companies for profit or scarce resources
Stewardship an ethic that embodies the responsible planning and management of resources.
Sustainability the ability to be sustained, supported, upheld, or confirmed.
God, Glory, Gold portrays the main motives of the explorers during the Age of Exploration
International Organization an organization established by a treaty or other instrument governed by international law and possessing its own international legal personality, such as the United Nations, the World Health Organization and NATO.
Trade liberalization a process whereby a state lifts restrictions on some private individual activities. Occurs when something which used to be banned is no longer banned, or when government regulations are relaxed
Foreign Investment an investment in the form of a controlling ownership in a business in one country by an entity based in another country.
Privitization moving something from the public sector into the private sector
Out Sourcing an agreement in which one company hires another company to be responsible for a planned or existing activity that is or could be done internally, and sometimes involves transferring employees and assets from one firm to another.
environmental legislation a collective address towards environmental pollution
Pandemic is an epidemic of disease that has spread across a large region; for instance multiple continents, or even worldwide
Migration the movement of people from one place to another with the intentions of settling, permanently or temporarily at a new location (geographic region).
Avictism consists of efforts to promote, impede, direct, or intervene in social, political, economic, or environmental reform with the desire to make changes in society.
Created by: faithcwh



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