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Med Term CH 2 System

Organ systems and its parts

QuestionAnswer
What is the basic unit of life? Cell
What is a group of identical cells working together? tissues
What is two or more types of tissues together? organs
What is a collection of organs working together? systems
What is the study of cells and their functions? cytology
What is the study of tissues? Histology
What are the four types of tissues? muscular, epithelial, connective and nervous tissue
What tissue produces movement in the body through contraction, or shortening in length? Muscular tissue
What is found throughout the body and is composed of close packed cells that form the covering for and lining of body structures? epithelial tissue
What is the supporting and protecting tissue in body structures? connective tissue
What is made up of cells called neurons? nervous tissue
Name the structures of the integumentary system Skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, sebaceous glands
What is the function of the integumentary system? forms protective two way barrier; aids in temperature regulation
Name the structures of the musculoskeletal system bones, joins and muscles
What is the function of the musculoskeletal system? supports and protects, forms blood cells, and stores minerals; muscles produce movement
Name the structures of the cardiovascular system? heart, arteries, veins
What is the function of the cardiovascular system? pumps blood throughout the entire body to transport oxygen, nutrients, and wastes
What are the structures of the Blood (Hematric System) plasma, erythrocytes, leukocytes, platelets
What is the function of the Blood (hematric system)? transports oxygen, protects against pathogens and controls bleeding
What are the structures of the lymphatic system? lymph nodes, lymphatic vessels, spleen, thymus gland, and tonsils
What is the function of the lymphatic system? protects body from diseases and invasions from pathogens
What are the structures of the respiratory system? nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchial tubes, lungs
What is the function of the Digestive or Gastrointestinal system? ingests, digests and absorbs nutrients for the body
What are the structures of the GI System? oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, salivary glands
What is the function of the urinary system? filter waste products out of blood and removes them from the body.
What are the structures of the urinary system? kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra
What is the function of the female reproductive system? produces eggs for reproduction, provides place for growing baby and nourishes infant
What are the structures of the female reproductive system? ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina, vulva, breasts
What is the function of the male reproductive system? produces sperm for reproduction
What are the structures of the male reproductive system? testes, epididymis, vas deferens, penis, seminal vesicles, prostrate gland, bulbourethral gland
What is the function of the endocrine system? regulates metabolic activities of the body
What are the structures of the endocrine system? pituitary gland, pineal gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid gland, thymus gland, adrenal glands, pancreas, ovaries, testes
What is the function of the nervous system? receives sensory information and coordinates body's response
What are the structures of the nervous system? brain, spinal cord, nerves
What is the function of the special senses system? sensory organs that converts light and sound waves into electrical impulses allowing for hearing and seeing. Maintains they body's balance
What are the structures of the special senses system? eyes and ears
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