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Rural Ireland

History, the Famine

Name three impacts of the Famine on Irish society after 1850 Fall in population, end of subdivision, decline in Irish language
What was subdivision? When a farmer divided his land between his sons
What were the causes of the Famine? Rise in population, subdivision and dependence on the potato
How did the government respond t the Famine? They set up public work schemes, sent people to workhouses and set up soup kitchens.
What happened during the course of the Famine? (1845-46) 1845- Blight first struck, 1/3 of potato crop lost, potatoes rotten when dug up, not many dies of starvation. 1846- blight struck again, 3/4 of crop lost
What happened during the course of the Famine? (1847) 1847 (Black 47) Very small crop as people had no seed potatoes, they had eaten them. Thousands died of starvation, cottiers nearly wiped out.
Why was there such a heavy dependence on the potato? One acre of potatoes was enough to feed a family, they were easy for cottiers and laborers to farm. 4 million depended on it on 1845
Who were the landlords in the 19th century? They were descended from planters, owned 90% of land. There were many absentee landlords, they lived in England, land agents collected rent.
Who were the cottiers and laborers in the 19th century? Rented 1 acre from a farmer, pad rent by working and with money. Lived in one roomed cabins. 1 million cottiers in 1845, 4 million dependent on potato in 1845. If crop failed 2 years in a row, the class would be wiped out.
Created by: Ellen D