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Mesopotamia Egypt


River Valley A river between two valleys
Describe the process of irrigation and why it was important They built dams and dug canals it was important bc floods might have washed away crops
describe silt small particles of soil
describe cuneiform and why it was important system of writing developed by sumerians to keep records and history
define scribes a person who was trained to record information
define polytheism the belief in multiple gods or goddesses
define ziggurat and what was it used for a temple that is used for honoring a god
describe King Sargon and his influence on Mesopotamia King that united the city-states and created an empire
describe King Hammurabi what was his influence on Mesopotamia King of Babylonia who created the code of laws
describe where upper and lower Egypt were within ancient Egypt upper Egypt was located near the Red Sea, Lower Egypt was located near the Nile Delta
compare the advantages vs disadvantages of the Nile River Flooding the flooding leaves a very good layer of soil for crops. Sometimes it left too much water which wasn't good for their crops
define unification to bring together in one unit
describe hieroglyphics and why it was important a writing system made up of a combination of pictures and symbols so they could communicate and understand
describe the Old Kingdom Old kingdom lasted until 2200 bc , egyptians built magnificent cities and increased trade. they also formed a unified government.
define pharaohs rulers of Ancient Egypt
describe pyramids and what they were used for great stone tombs built for egyptian pharaohs. it was a way to protect dead bodies and their treasures
describe who King Narmer was and his influence on Egypt KIng of Upper Egypt he led his armies from the valley north into the delta conquered lower egypt married lower egypts princess and unified the kingdoms
describe who King Hatshepsut was and their influence on Egypt became pharaoh and co ruler of egypt around1473 BC she expanded trade and oversaw building projects
define and analyze their social pyramid and its effect on egyptian society upper class lived in elegant homes and estates along nile dressed fashionable middle class was people who owned businesses and held skilled jobs lived in smaller homes, lower class were farmers unskilled workers and enslaved people
define monotheism belief in one god
describe who abraham was and his influence on judaism he was a nomad leader who would be the father of great people if he did as god told him to. The Jewish regarded him as the first patriarch . He was the first person to teach there was only one god
Middle Kingdom egypt conquered new territories. egyptian armies gained control of nubia to the south and expanded northeast into present day syria. pharaohs added to their wealth
New Kingdom lasted from 1550 BC to 1070 BC . Egypt prospered through trade, gained more lands through conquests and reached the height of its power
civilzation the process by which a society or place reaches an advancement stage of social and cultural development and organization
agriculture irrigation, crops,farming, domestication
domestication taming animals for their use
surplus a large amount of food
specialization the act of training for a particular job
trade goods, jewelry, construction by boat