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Global 9

Belief System

Monotheism Belief in one good Ex: Christianity Judaism Islam
Polytheism Belief in many gods
Karma The belief that actions in this life, whether good or bad, will decide your place in the next life
Dharma The religious and moral duties of an individual
Caste System A set of rigid (strict) social categories that determined not only a person’s occupation and economics potential, but also his or her position in society.
Reincarnation/ Samsara The rebirth of a soul in a new body
Siddhartha Gautama The prince who is said to have founded Buddhism
Middle Way (Buddhism) Nothing to excess, not too little or not too much
Nirvana (Buddhism) Spiritual enlightenment through meditation
Four Noble Truths 1.) All life is full of suffering, pain, and sorrow. 2.) The cause of suffering is desire. 3.) The only cure for suffering is to overcome desire. 4.) The way to overcome desire is to follow the Eightfold Path.
Eightfold Path A moral code that Buddhists follow. Focuses on giving to others, meditation, and refraining from gossip, violence. The path to nirvana
Abraham Founder of Judaism
Moses Led the Exodus of the Hebrews from Egypt; received the 10 Commandments
10 Commandments Moses received them from the top of a mountain from God; Christians and Jews follow this moral/ ethical code
Torah First 5 books of the Jewish Bible (Old Testament)
Jesus of Nazareth Founder of Christianity killed by the Romans as an enemy of the state
Diaspora Forced dispersion of Jews living outside of Israel
Messiah Savior sent by God
Holy Trinity Father, Son, and the Holy Spirit
Muhammad Arab prophet, founder of religion of Islam
Five Pillars True Muslims were expected to follow (principle of Salvation); Belief in Allah, Pray 5 times a day, giving to charity, fasting during Ramadan, Pilgrimage to Mecca once in a lifetime
Confucius Known as Kong Fuzi and created one of the most influential philosophies in Chinese history- Confucianism
Filial Piety Respecting one’s elders (key component of Confucianism)
Legalism The belief that people were bad by nature and needed to be controlled through strict laws and punishments, along with rewards for good behavior
Daoism An ancient belief system in China which focuses on finding one’s own way, through a balance with nature.
Yin and Yang The Daoism, the concept of opposing forces of nature (good/evil/ happy/sad)
Created by: mbarkley
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