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U.S. CONSTITUTION

US CONSTITUTION

TermDefinition
Articles of Confederation the original constitution of the US, ratified in 1781, which was replaced by the US Constitution in 1789. Weaknesses were that U.S. could NOT collect taxes,
Federal government having to do with the government of the entire country or nation.
Preamble The introduction to an important document like the U.S. Constitution.
Shay’s Rebellion An uprising led by a former militia officer, Daniel Shays, which broke out in western Massachusetts in 1786. This leads to the end of the Articles of Confederation and the creation of the U.S. Constitution.
Electoral College: the system in which the U.S. uses to choose its president. Based on representation in Congress and winner takes all system.
New Jersey Plan also known as the Small State Plan or the Paterson Plan) was a proposal for the structure of the United States Government presented by William Paterson
Virginia Plan was a proposal by Virginia delegates for a bicameral legislative branch. The plan was drafted by James Madison
3/5 Compromise The population of slaves would be counted as three-fifths in total when apportioning Representatives, as well as Presidential electors and taxe
Great Compromise compromise between large and small states to use population for the House of Reps and to use two from each state for U.S. Senate representation.
Federalist Papers is a collection of 85 articles and essays written (under the pseudonym Publius) by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay promoting the ratification of the United States Constitution.
Executive Branch Carries out the laws made up of President, V.P, & Cabinet
Legislative Branch Makes the laws made up of Senate and House of Reps
Judicial Branch Interprets the laws made up of Supreme Court Justices
Congress When both houses of Legislative branch meets together in the Capitol Building in Washington D.C.
Supreme Court Highest court in the country. Made up of 9 justices who are appointed for life. They decide if a law is constitutional or not.
Ratify to formally sign and agree to a contract or bill or treaty
Repeal the action of revoking or reversing a law.
Veto to reject a bill usually done by a President or Governor
Impeach To bring charges against an elected official (president, judges, governors)
Federalist people (founding fathers) who advocates or supports a system of government in which several states unite under a central authority (believed in a strong central government) ex: Hamilton
Anti-Federalist people who supported more power to the individual states than that of a strong federal government. (Patrick Henry, John Adams)
Bill of Rights the first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution includes many of important rights and freedoms.
Elastic Clause a way for lawmakers to bend and stretch the Constitution throughout history to fit its current needs.
Checks & Balances Each branch of government is in charge of making sure the other two branches do not abuse their powers.
2 parts of the A.O.C. Basic Rights Power to the States
3 parts of the U.S. Constitution Preamble Articles Amendments
3 Branches of Government Legislative: Congress-Senate & House of Reps Executive: President, VP & Cabinet Judicial: Supreme Court and lower courts
James Madison Father of the U.S. Constitution and wrote the Federalist Papers. Becomes 4th U.S. President
George Washington Hero of the Revolutionary War. Becomes our 1st U.S. President.
Thomas Jefferson Main author of D.O.I. Becomes our 3rd U.S. President
John Adams Main founding father helping cause for independence. Becomes 2nd U.S. President.
Alexander Hamilton Believed in a strong central government & was also author of federalist papers. Was our first secretary of treasury.
Daniel Shays was an American soldier, revolutionary, and farmer famous for being one of the leaders of Shays' Rebellion. Ends up leading to the destruction of the Articles of Confederation and being replaced with the U.S. Constitution.
Benjamin Franklin Oldest and wise founding father instrumental in gaining our independence. Helps write D.O.I. and also created famous JOIN or DIE cartoon to help colonies unite against Britain
Edmund Randolph main author of the Virginia Plan. This plan proposed a strong central government composed of three branches, legislative, executive, and judicial. This becomes main part of the U.S. Constitution
William Paterson proposed the "New Jersey Plan," which sought to balance power between the larger and smaller states. Ends up being part of the U.S. Constitution.
John Locke Enlightenment thinker who heavily influenced Thomas Jefferson when he writes the Declaration of Independence.
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