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4.2 Inter Organize

Civics Florida Standard SS.7.C.4.2 International Organizations

TermDefinition
European Union an organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members
intergovernmental organization an organization formed with groups of governments for a specific purpose
international organization groups of governments or people from different countries working together to solve an issue that crosses country borders
International Red Cross/Red Crescent an organization that helps people around the world respond to natural disasters and that checks on the conditions of prisoners of war
non-governmental organization (NGO) a voluntary citizens' group that is organized on a local, national or international level and works ; they perform a variety of service and humanitarian functions, bring citizen concerns to governments, advocate for certain issues such as human rights or the environment, and encourage political participation; also known as international non-governmental organization (INGO)
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) a formal agreement among the governments of the U.S., Canada, and Mexico to form a free trade zone in North America and eliminate taxes on the buying and selling of each other’s products
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) a group of 28 countries that has agreed to protect each other in case of attack; founded in 1949
treaty an agreement or arrangement between two or more countries
United Nations (UN) an organization founded in 1943 to keep the peace, develop friendly relationships among countries, and improve the quality of life for the world’s poor people; consists of 193 member countries
United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) an agency of the United Nations established in 1946 to help governments improve the health and education of children and their mothers
World Bank an organization that helps poor and middle-income countries get the money they need to build improvements that will help reduce poverty
World Court a permanent panel of fifteen judges appointed by the UN to nine-year terms to hear cases; cases argued before the court focus on disputes between nations who agree to accept its decisions
World Health Organization an organization established in 1948 within the United Nations that works to improve health throughout the world
World Trade Organization (WTO) an international body founded in 1995 to promote international trade and economic development by reducing taxes and other restrictions