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4.3 Conflicts

Civics Florida Standard SS.7.C.4.3 U.S. and International Conflicts

TermDefinition
Bay of Pigs a bay of the Caribbean Sea in Cuba: it was the site of an attempted invasion of Cuba by anti-Fidel Castro forces in April 1961.
conflict a sharp disagreement (as between ideas, interests, or purposes)
conflict resolution the process of ending a conflict or disagreement
cooperation the act of working together
Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962, leaders of the U.S. and the Soviet Union engaged in a tense, 13-day political and military standoff in October over the installation of nuclear-armed Soviet missiles in Cuba
diplomacy the work of keeping up relations between the governments of different countries
Gulf War I a military conflict in 1991 between Iraq and a coalition force of 34 nations mandated by the United Nations and led by the U.S., also known as the Persian Gulf War
Gulf War II the 2003 military conflict Iraq, also called the Iraq War or "Operation Iraqi Freedom", began March 20, 2003, initiated by the U.S., the United Kingdom and other nations
humanitarian efforts work focused on improving the health and happiness of other people
international conflict a conflict between two different nations or groups
Iran Hostage Crisis a 444-day period during which the new government of Iran after the Iranian Revolution held hostage 66 diplomats and U.S. citizens, beginning on November 4, 1979 and ending on January 20, 1981
Korean War a war between North and South Korea; South Korea was aided by the U.S. and other members of the United Nations from 1950-1953
military action members of the U.S. military (Army, Marine Corps, Navy, Air Force and Coast Guard) having a presence in another country typically involving the use of force to stop conflict
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) a group of 28 countries that has agreed to protect each other in case of attack; founded in 1949
peacekeeping operations enforcing a truce between countries or groups by an international military force
terrorism the use of extreme fear as a means of achieving a goal
United Nations an organization founded in 1943 to keep the peace, develop friendly relationships among countries, and improve the quality of life for the world’s poor people; consists of 193 member countries
U.S. State Department the federal department in the U. S. that sets and maintains foreign policies; part of the executive branch of the federal government
Vietnam War a military conflict (1954-1975) between the Communist forces of North Vietnam supported by China and the Soviet Union and the non-Communist forces of South Vietnam supported by the U.S.
World War I a war between the allies (Russia, France, British Empire, Italy, U.S., Japan, Romania, Serbia, Belgium, Greece, Portugal, Montenegro) and the central powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey, Bulgaria) from 1914 to 1918
World War II a war that began on July7, 1937 in Asia and September 1, 1939 in Europe and lasted until 1945; it involved most of the world’s countries