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3.3 Branches of Gov

Civics Florida Standard SS.7.C.3.3 Branches structure, function, and power

appellate jurisdiction the power to hear appeals of cases which have been tried in lower courts
armed forces the nation’s military (Air Force, Army, Coast Guard, Marines, National Guard and Navy)
article a numbered chapter or section of a contract, treaty, or constitution
coining money the power of the legislative branch to print money (coins and bills) for use
concurrent powers powers shared by the national, state, and/or local government
declaration of war the power of Congress to vote to go to war with another country
delegated powers the powers specifically named and assigned to the federal government or prohibited to be exercised by the states under the U.S. Constitution, also known as enumerated powers
elastic clause the power of Congress to pass all laws they deem necessary and proper for carrying out its enumerated powers (also known as implied powers)
enumerated powers the powers specifically named and assigned to the federal government or prohibited to be exercised by the states under the U.S. Constitution, also known as delegated powers
executive branch the branch of government that enforces the laws made by the legislative branch
foreign relations the power of the executive branch to decide on the United States’ dealings with other countries in order to achieve national goals
immigration the movement of people from one country to another country
impeach to bring formal charges of wrongdoing against a public official (such as the U.S. President)
implied powers powers not written in the U.S. Constitution but are necessary and proper in order for the federal government to carry out the expressed powers; Article 1, Section 8, Clause 18 gives Congress the power to do what it deems “necessary and proper” to carry out the delegated powers
judicial branch the branch of government that interprets the laws made by the legislative branch
legislative branch the branch of government that creates laws
naturalization laws laws made by Congress that people from other countries must follow in order to become legal citizens of the United States
necessary and proper the power of Congress to make laws that they need to carry out their enumerated powers
original jurisdiction the power of a court to be the first to hear a case on a specific topic; for the U.S. Supreme Court this involves cases involving conflicts between Congress and the president and in cases in which a state is a party
presidential appointments the power of the U.S. President to choose members of his or her cabinet, ambassadors to other nations, and other officials in his or her administration
regulate to control, govern, or direct according to rule
trade to buy and sell goods or services
U.S. Congress the national legislative body of the U.S., consisting of the Senate, or upper house, and the House of Representatives, or lower house
U.S. House of Representatives the lower house of the U.S. Congress
U.S. Senate the upper house of the U.S. Congress
U.S. Supreme Court the highest court of the United States; it sits at the top of the federal court system
Created by: pamelamb
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